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State of Alaska

Nutrition

A healthy eating patterns and regular physical activity can help people achieve and maintain good health and reduce the risk of chronic disease throughout all stages of the lifespan. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend consuming a healthy eating pattern within an appropriate calorie level.1:

    1. Choose a healthy eating pattern at an appropriate calorie level to help achieve and maintain a healthy body weight, support nutrient adequacy, and reduce the risk of chronic disease.
    2. Focus on variety, nutrient density, and amount. To meet nutrient needs within calorie limits, choose a variety of nutrient-dense foods across and within all food.
    3. Consume an eating pattern low in added sugars, saturated fats, and sodium. Cut back on foods and beverages higher in these components to amounts that fit within healthy eating patterns.
    4. Choose nutrient-dense foods and beverages across and within all food groups in place of less healthy choices. Consider cultural and personal preferences to make these shifts easier to accomplish and maintain.
    5. Everyone has a role in helping to create and support healthy eating patterns in various settings such as at home, school, work and within the community.



The following conditions are related to poor quality eating patterns and physical inactivity:

  • Overweight and obesity
  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) and Risk Factors:
    • Coronary heart disease
    • Heart disease
    • Stroke
    • Hypertension
    • High total blood cholesterol
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Cancer:
    • Breast cancer
    • Colorectal cancer
    • The types of cancer included here are not a complete list of all diet- and physical activity-related cancers.
  • Bone Health:
    • Osteoporosis
    • Low bone mass

Ten states (including the District of Columbia) had State-level policies that incentivized food retail outlets to provide foods that are encouraged by the Dietary Guidelines in 2011.2

Only 12.2 percent of physician office visits by all child or adults patients included counseling about nutrition or diet in 2007 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).3

For complete recommendations, please see the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020.

Key Recommendations for the General Population

A healthy eating pattern includes:

  • A variety of vegetables from all of the subgroups-dark green, red and orange, legumes (beans and peas), starchy, and other Fruits, especially whole fruits
  • Grains, at least half of which are whole grains
  • Fat-free or low-fat dairy, including milk, yogurt, cheese, and/or fortified soy beverages
  • A variety of protein foods, including seafood, lean meats and poultry, eggs, legumes (beans and peas), and nuts, seeds, and soy products
  • Oils


Limit added sugars, sodium, and saturated fats and trans fats.

  • Consume less than 10 percent of calories per day from added sugars
  • Consume less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) per day of sodium
  • Consume less than 10 percent of calories per day from saturated fats


If alcohol is consumed, it should be consumed in moderation-up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men-and only by adults of legal drinking age.

In tandem with the recommendations above, Americans of all ages-children, adolescents, adults, and older adults-should meet the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans to help promote health and reduce the risk of chronic disease.4


4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans. . Accessed 1/20/2016.
Nutrition is tracked at the national and state levels primarily through two surveys:



National information is also tracked through the National Health And Nutrition Survey, (NHANES), CDC/NCHS

For more information on tracking physical activity health objectives, please visit the Physical Activity topic at http://healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020.
Some of these links will run the query and take you to the results page. To modify the query criteria, you can use the top left ("MODIFY Query") navigation button on the query results page.

BRFSS (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) - Examples

Fruits and Vegebables

Beverages

YRBSS (Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System) - Local Examples

Fruits and Vegebables

Beverages

YRBSS (Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System) - Statewide Examples

Fruits and Vegebables

Beverages


The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 24 September 2017 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov ".

Content updated: Wed, 21 Jun 2017 11:22:16 AKDT
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics AK-IBIS web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Sun, 24 September 2017 2:19:03 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/ ".

Content updated: Wed, 21 Jun 2017 11:22:16 AKDT