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State of Alaska

Health Indicator Report of Drug Use - Inhalants - Adolescents (Grades 9-12)

The use of inhalants is often overlooked in adolescents, although the prevalence is still high.^1^ Like other illicit drugs, inhalants can become addictive and are a major public health concern.^2^[[br]] [[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont 1. Anderson CE, Loomis GA. Recognition and prevention of inhalant abuse. Am Fam Physician 2003;68(5):869-874. [http://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p869.html]. Accessed October 10, 2016. 2. Howard MO, Bowen SE, Garland EL, Perron BE, et al. Inhalant use and inhalant use disorders in the United States. Addict Sci Clin Pract 2011;6(1):18-31. }}

Notes

Substances are sorted in the order of U.S. prevalence for lifetime use (2015).

Data Sources

  • [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • [https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS)], Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC

Data Interpretation Issues

Alaska has conducted a statewide YRBS biennially since 1995 with the exception of 1997. Weighted data were not obtained in 2001 and 2005 and, therefore, no statewide estimates are available for those years. A YRBS conducted in 1999 did not include the Anchorage School District and, therefore, was not considered a valid statewide estimate. No YRBS was conducted in Alaska in 1997. Traditional high schools are sometimes called comprehensive high schools. They are public high schools that are distinct from alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, charter schools, correspondence schools, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Responses are weighted to reflect youth attending public traditional high schools in Alaska. The question on adolescent (grades 9-12) on lifetime use of inhalants has been asked on the Alaska YRBS since 1995.

Definition

Percentage of adolescents (grades 9-12) who responded 1 or more times on the [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/chronic/pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)] to the question: "During your life how many times have you sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any paints or sprays to get high, one or more times during their life?" Responses of 0 are not considered as having a positive response for using inhalants.

Numerator

Weighted number of adolescents (grades 9-12) who responded 1 or more times on the YRBS to the question: "During your life how many times have you sniffed glue, breathed the contents of aerosol spray cans, or inhaled any paints or sprays to get high, one or more times during their life?" Responses of 0 are not considered as having a positive response for using inhalants.

Denominator

Weighted number of adolescents (grades 9-12) with complete and valid responses on the YRBS to the question on lifetime inhalant use, excluding those with missing, "Don't know/not sure" or "Refused" responses.

Healthy People Objective: Reduce the proportion of adolescents reporting use of alcohol or any illicit drugs during the past 30 days

U.S. Target: 16.5 percent

How Are We Doing?

On the 2015 YRBS, 6.3% of Alaska adolescents reported ever using inhalants. Adolescents receiving grades of mostly Cs and lower were at increased risk of inhalant use during their lifetime (12.7%) compared to those receiving mostly As and Bs (7.3%). Current cigarette smokers were 3 times more likely to have used inhalants in the past at 15.1% than non-smokers at 4.5%. Current smokeless tobacco users, current binge drinkers, and current marijuana users were also at increased risk of ever using inhalants.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

For the 2015 YRBS, the rate of inhalant use among Alaska adolescents was similar to the national average of 7.0%. Alaska's inhalant use continues to mimic the national trend in decreasing reported use during the lifetime.

What Is Being Done?

The State of Alaska Epidemiologic Profile on Substance Use, Abuse and Dependency is available at: [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dbh/Documents/Prevention/EPI2013.pdf]. This profile provides a more detailed report on the state of substance use and abuse in Alaska.

Evidence-based Practices

There are multiple sources for research on interventions to prevent and reduce the use of illicit drugs in the adolescent population. Alaska is partnering with other states, the [http://www.cdc.gov/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)] and the [http://www.samhsa.gov/Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)] to develop a series of public health strategies gleaned from the evidence base. SAMHSA maintains a website that collects the latest in substance abuse prevention evidence based practices. The link to the information can be found here: [http://www.samhsa.gov/ebp-web-guide/substance-abuse-prevention].
Page Content Updated On 05/10/2017, Published on 05/10/2017
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 18 October 2018 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov ".

Content updated: Wed, 10 May 2017 14:06:33 AKDT
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics AK-IBIS web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Thu, 18 October 2018 12:11:39 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/ ".

Content updated: Wed, 10 May 2017 14:06:33 AKDT