Risk FactorsBeing overweight or obese is a major risk factor for developing prediabetes and ultimately type 2 diabetes. The risk of developing prediabetes can be substantially reduced through weight loss and regular physical activity. The Diabetes Prevention Program Study showed that weight loss and participation in regular physical activity can significantly decrease the risk. The clinical trial included over 3,000 people who had impaired fasting glucose and were at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Participants who engaged in moderately intense physical activity for 30 minutes per day and lost 5% to 7% of their body weight decreased their risk of prediabetes and diabetes dramatically. This behavioral activity was effective in the study, regardless of age or ethnic group [https://www.niddk.nih.gov/about-niddk/research-areas/diabetes/diabetes-prevention-program-dpp/Pages/default.aspx]. Some risk factors cannot be modified, such as older age or being a member of a certain minority racial or ethnic group. Nevertheless, risk can be substantially reduced through adhering to a healthy diet, weight loss, and participating in regular physical activity.
Related Risk Factors Indicators: