DefinitionRate of mortality from pancreatic cancer per 100,000 population.
NumeratorNumber of deaths due to pancreatic cancer for a specific time period.
DenominatorMid-year resident population for a given time period.
Data Interpretation IssuesCancer cases do not include in situ. Mortality rates may vary from source to source. This may be due to using provisional data or using different population databases. The cancer mortality rates provided by the [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/chronic/pages/cancer/registry.aspx Alaska Cancer Registry] use population estimates provided by the [http://seer.cancer.gov/ Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)] of the [http://www.cancer.gov/ National Cancer Institute]. In contrast, [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/VitalStats/Pages/data/default.aspx Alaska Vital Statistics] uses [http://live.laborstats.alaska.gov/pop/index.cfm population estimates] provided by the State Demographer in the [http://laborstats.alaska.gov/ Research and Analysis Section] of the [http://labor.alaska.gov/ Alaska Department of Labor and Workforce Development].
Why Is This Important?It is estimated that in the United States in 2018 there will be 44,330 deaths from pancreatic cancer. Men are more likely to die from pancreatic cancer than women, with the highest rate of death for Blacks. The percentage of pancreatic cancer deaths is highest among people age 65-74, with a median age at death of 72.^1^
Mortality rates tell us about the rate at which people die of cancer. This rate is a function of the number of new cases each year and how long people live with the disease. When examined along with the rate of new incidence cases, cancer mortality rates can show if progress is being made in increasing cancer survival over time.[[br]]
1. [https://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/pancreas.html Cancer Stat Facts: Pancreatic Cancer] [[br]]
How Are We Doing?Pancreatic cancer was the 3rd leading cause of cancer deaths in Alaska during 2012-2016.
In Alaska, pancreatic cancer mortality rates by gender fluctuate over time so that sometimes men have a higher rate and sometimes women have a higher rate. For the last 5 years of data (2012-2016), the average rate for men and women are the same at 11.0 per 100,000 males/females. In 2016, the pancreatic cancer incidence rate for men was 12.7 per 100,000 males, compared to the rate for women of 11.0 per 100,000 females.
Around the state for 1996-2016, the rate of pancreatic cancer mortality ranged from a high of 30.8 per 100,000 population in
Lake and Peninsula Borough to a low of 8.0 per 100,000 population in Northwest Arctic Borough, compared to the statewide rate of 10.9. There were several boroughs/census areas for which rates were not calculated because there were less than 6 cases.
By race for 1996-2016, Alaska Natives had a higher mortality rate of pancreatic cancer than any other race at 13.5 per 100,000 population, compared to 10.6 for Whites, 7.7 for Asians/Pacific Islanders, and 7.1 for Blacks.
How Do We Compare With the U.S.?Alaska's pancreatic cancer mortality rates have been similar to the U.S. over time. The U.S. rate has been very slightly increasing over time. In 2016, Alaska's pancreatic cancer incidence rate was 12.0 per 100,000 population compared to the U.S. rate of 11.0 in 2015.