Complete Indicator Profile of Tobacco Use - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) - No Use (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 2)
DefinitionNo use of tobacco products including smokeless tobacco by adolescents (grades 9-12) during the past 30 days.
NumeratorNumber of students grades 9-12 who responded with 0 days to all of the following three questions: (1)"During the past 30 days, on how many days did you smoke cigarettes?"; (2) "During the past 30 days, on how many days did you use chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip, such as Redman, Levi Garrett, Beechnut, Skoal, Skoal Bandits, Copenhagen?"; and (3) "During the past 30 days, on how many days did you smoke cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars?"
DenominatorNumber of students in grades 9-12 surveyed with complete and valid responses to all three questions.
Why Is This Important?Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States. There have been over 12 million tobacco-related deaths in the United States since the landmark 1964 Surgeon General's report, which broadcast that smoking was a cause of cancer. And smoking kills more than just those who choose to smoke. Exposure to secondhand smoke kills approximately 50,000 Americans every year. The use of tobacco products (both cigarettes and smokeless tobacco products, such as chewing tobacco) is responsible for 30% of all cancer deaths, 21% of all coronary heart disease deaths, and 18% of all stroke deaths. For every one person who dies from tobacco use, another 20 suffer reduced quality of life from tobacco-related illness. In addition, tobacco use costs the US economy more than $96 billion each year in direct medical expenses and another $97 billion per year in lost productivity; Alaska's share of these costs are approximately $546 million annually.
1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs-2007. Atlanta; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; October 2007.
2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health; 2004.
3. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Annual Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Years of Potential Life Lost, and Productivity Losses-United States 2000-2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2008;57(45):1226-1228.
4. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Cigarette smoking-attributable morbidity-United States, 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 2003; 52(35):842-844.
5. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Smoking-Attributable Mortality, Morbidity, and Economic Costs Application, updated with 2008 medical consumer price index. Available at http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/sammec/.
Healthy People Objective TU-2:Reduce tobacco use by adolescents
U.S. Target: Not applicable, see subobjectives in this category
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 80%.
What Is Being Done?In collaboration with partners statewide, the Alaska Tobacco Prevention and Control (TPC) program provides leadership, coordinates resources, and promote efforts that support Alaskans in living healthy and tobacco-free lives. Specifically, the Alaska TPC provides funding and technical assistance for community- based, school-based based and tobacco use cessation programs; provides media and other counter-marketing communications statewide; operates a tobacco quit-line that provides cessation counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) free of charge; ensures the ongoing surveillance of tobacco use trends in Alaska and the evaluation of program efforts; and supports tobacco-free partnership projects in Alaska. Additional information on current tobacco prevention efforts in Alaska is available at: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/tobacco/default.htm.
Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:
Graphical Data Views
Percentage of adolescents (grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who have not smoked cigarettes or cigars or used chewing tobacco, snuff, or dip on one or more of the past 30 days, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2001-2019
Data NotesHealthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 80%.
** Data Not Available. Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from correspondence schools, alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.
More Resources and LinksAlaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:
Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:
Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 05/01/2014, Published on 05/01/2014