Complete Indicator Profile - Physical Activity - Adults (18+) - Recommended Levels - 2008 Guidelines (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 6A)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Physical Activity - Adults (18+) - Recommended Levels - 2008 Guidelines (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 6A)

Definition

Percentage of adults (18+) who do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) a week of moderate-intensity, or 75 minutes (1 hour and 15 minutes) a week of vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity, or an equivalent combination of moderate- and vigorous intensity aerobic activity. Aerobic activity should be performed in episodes of at least 10 minutes, and preferably, it should be spread throughout the week.

Numerator

Number of adults aged 18 years and older who report 150 minutes or more total per week of moderate or vigorous exercise where each minute of vigorous exercise contributes two minutes to the total.

Denominator

Number of adults aged 18 years and older responding to physical activity questions.

Why Is This Important?

Regular physical activity can improve the health and quality of life of Alaskans of all ages, regardless of the presence of a chronic disease or disability. Regular physical activity protects against heart disease, colon cancer, diabetes, depression, and anxiety. Regular physical activity maintains normal muscle strength, joint structure and function, and is essential for normal skeletal development and attainment of optimal peak bone mass during childhood and adolescence. Adults benefit from moderate physical activity, of at least 150 minutes each week.

Physical activity is recognized as an independent protective factor against cardiovascular disease. Physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of some cancers, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and heart disease; and improve general physical and mental health.[1] Weight-bearing activity can improve bone density, reducing the risk of hip fractures in elderly persons. Regular activity helps to relieve pain from osteoarthritis.[2] Regular physical activity is also known to improve affective disorders such as depression and anxiety, and increase quality of life and independent living among the elderly.[3]

References:
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical activity and health: a report of the surgeon general. Atlanta (GA): U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Promotion; 1996.
2. Knowler WC, Barrett-Connor E, Fowler SE, Hamman RF, Lachin JM, et al. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002;346(6):393-403.
3. Kesaniemi, Y., et al. (1994). Dose-response issues concerning physical activity and health: an evidence-based symposium. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33(6 suppl), S351-S358

Healthy People Objective PA-2.1:

Increase the proportion of adults who engage in aerobic physical activity of at least moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes/week, or 75 minutes/week of vigorous intensity, or an equivalent combination
U.S. Target: 47.9 percent
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 61%

How Do We Compare With U.S.?

When compared to the nation, Alaskans are equally physically active.



Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

There are age, gender, and socio-economic related risk factors associated with physical inactivity.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Health Care System Factors

Health care system factors relate primarily to access to care and a reported low rate of health care provider counseling for physical activity recommendations.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Risk Factors

The percentage of persons who reported no physical activity during leisure time was higher among women, older adults, people who were overweight or obese, and those with less formal education and less income.

Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Health Status Outcomes

Small changes in levels of physical activity such as walking or gardening can lead to big improvements in personal health. In fact, the greatest benefits occur among those who have never exercised regularly. Even moderate amounts of exercise can substantially reduce an individual's chance of dying from heart disease, cancer, or other causes.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adults (18+) who reported getting the recommended amount of physical activity, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of adults meeting guidelines Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 14
All Alaskans 2011 57.5% 55.0% 59.8%
All Alaskans 2012 **
Alaska Natives 2011 52.0% 46.2% 57.7%
Alaska Natives 2012 **
U.S. 2011 51.6%
U.S. 2012 **
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 61.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 61.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 61%

** Data Not Available

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 2011 onward.

Data Sources

  • Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • U.S. Data: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)


References and Community Resources

CDC's Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity: www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa

The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute has extensive resources on physical activity for patients, health care providers, and general consumers: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov

The University of South Carolina's Prevention Research Centers provide resources and information about physical activity to researchers, public health practitioners, and others who are interested in promoting physical activity in their communities: http://prevention.sph.sc.edu/index.htm

More information on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System may be found on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 05/05/2014, Published on 05/05/2014
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 16 September 2014 13:25:26 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 14:11:06 AKDT