Complete Indicator Profile of Overweight - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (H2020 Leading Health Indicator: 5Ai)
DefinitionOverweight is determined by calculating the individual's body mass index (BMI) and comparing it to age and sex standardized growth charts distributed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adolescents are considered overweight if their BMI is greater than or equal to the 85th percentile and less than the 95th percentile for BMI.
NumeratorNumber of students in grades 9-12 with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 85th percentile and less than the 95th percentile based on the CDC Growth Charts.
DenominatorNumber of students in grades 9-12 with complete and valid measurements for height and weight.
Why Is This Important?Overweight and obesity affect a large proportion of the Alaska population and there has been an increase in the number of obese persons over the last decade. Many diseases and adverse health outcomes are associated with overweight and obesity, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and some types of cancer. In addition to genetic factors, an unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are both key contributors to rising obesity rates. It has been projected that, due to obesity, today's children may be the first generation to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents.
Other ObjectivesThe HA 2020 objective for overweight of 12% for both genders was not met.
Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 12.0%
What Is Being Done?In collaboration with partners statewide, the Obesity Prevention and Control Program (the Program) provides professional development opportunities and technical assistance to school teachers and staff on evidence-based obesity prevention strategies appropriate for the school environment.
The program supports quality school-based physical education. With the Department of Education, the program recently helped develop Alaska Physical Education Standards which were adopted by the State Board of Education in July 2010. The program co-hosts the "Moving into Action: Combating Childhood Obesity" training for school nurse, health and PE teachers. The program co-hosted the PE Standards and Assessment training for PE teachers. Program staff encourages active transportation by helping coordinate Bike to Work Day and by fulfilling committee positions on the Anchorage.
The program facilitates a food policy council. The goal of the food policy council is to increase fruit and vegetable access, availability and consumption of fruits and vegetables.
The program also provides important surveillance data and publishes reports on the behaviors and risk factors that contribute to obesity to help community coalitions and partners identify and track health problems, and evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention efforts.
Available ServicesAdditional information on current efforts to prevent overweight in Alaska: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/.
Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:
Graphical Data Views
Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were overweight, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2001-2019
Data NotesHealthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 12.0%
Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. No Alaska YRBS survey was conducted in 2001 and in 2005, the overall response rate did not make the 60% level to ensure that data would be representative of the Alaska high school student body. Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from correspondence schools, alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.
References and Community ResourcesAdditional information on current efforts to prevent overweight and obesity in Alaska is available at: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/.
More Resources and LinksAlaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:
Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:
Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 07/31/2014, Published on 08/06/2014