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State of Alaska

Complete Health Indicator Report of Obesity - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 5Aii)

Definition

Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12) who provided height and weight on the [http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS)] with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile based on the CDC Growth Charts. Obesity is determined by calculating the individual's body mass index (BMI) and comparing it to age and sex standardized growth charts distributed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.^1^ Adolescents are considered obese if their BMI is greater than the 95th percentile for BMI. Weight status is computed on the Youth Risk Behavior survey (YRBS) using two questions: "How tall are you without your shoes on?" (responses in feet and inches) and "How much do you weigh without your shoes on?" (responses in pounds).[[br]] [[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont 1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Growth Charts. [http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/clinical_charts.htm]. }}

Numerator

Weighted number of adolescents (students in grades 9-12) on the YRBS with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile based on the CDC Growth Charts.

Denominator

Weighted number of adolescents (students in grades 9-12) on the YRBS with complete and valid measurements for height, weight, age, and sex.

Data Interpretation Issues

Alaska has conducted a statewide Youth Risk Behavior Survey in 1995 and biennially from 2003. Weighted data were not obtained in 2005 and therefore no statewide estimates are available for that year. A YRBS survey conducted in 1999 did not include the Anchorage School District and therefore was not considered a valid statewide estimate. No YRBS survey was conducted in Alaska in 1997 and 2001. Traditional high schools are sometimes called comprehensive high schools. They are public high schools that are distinct from alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, charter schools, correspondence schools, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Responses are weighted to reflect youth attending public traditional high schools in Alaska. The ability to compute BMI has been present on the YRBS since 2003.

Why Is This Important?

Overweight and obesity affect a large proportion of the Alaska population and there has been an increase in the number of obese persons over the last decade. Many diseases and adverse health outcomes are associated with overweight and obesity, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and some types of cancer. An unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are both key contributors to rising obesity rates.^2^ It has been projected that, due to obesity, today's children may be the first generation to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents.^3^[[br]] [[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, January 2010. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44660/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK44660.pdf]. 3. Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC et al. A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. NEJM 2005;352(11):1138-45. }}

Other Objectives

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Leading Health Indicator 5.a.ii: Reduce the percentage of adolescents (high school students in grades 9-12) who meet criteria for obesity (age- and sex-specific body mass index of >=95th percentile) to 10% by 2020. Related Objectives: Healthy People Objective NWS-10.3: Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese: Adolescents aged 12 to 19 years U.S. Target: 16.1% as measured by the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. The Healthy People objective for adolescent obesity based upon clinical examination of height and weight cannot be matched by the self-reported measures obtained by the YRBS. The definition of adolescent also differs between the two surveillance systems with NHANES using individuals who are 12 to 19 years and the YRBS defining adolescents as individuals attending grades 9-12.

How Are We Doing?

In 2015, rates of obesity among adolescents (grades 9-12) were 14.0% for all Alaska adolescents and 14.1% for Alaska Native adolescents, both above the Healthy Alaskans 2020 goal of 10%. Prevalence rates of obesity from the YRBS are initially presented all Alaska adolescents, Alaska Native adolescents, and the mean of the national YRBS. Subsequent analyses obesity rates by demographic subpopulations (i.e., sex, age, race/ethnicity, ethnicity, grade level, and academic achievement) and regions.

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

In 2013 (the most current national data available), the obesity rate was 13.7% for the national average compared to 12.4% for the average Alaskan adolescent (grades 9-12) and 16.0% for Alaska Native individuals. The national adolescent rate of obesity recorded by the YRBS has been slowly increasing since 2009. According to data from the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, adolescent (defined as 12-19 years of age for this survey) obesity was 20.5%, above the Healthy People 2020 objective of 16.1%.^4^[[br]] [[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont 4. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Fryar CD, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2011-2014. NCHS data brief, no 219. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db219.htm] }}

What Is Being Done?

The mission of the Obesity Prevention and Control Program is to prevent and reduce obesity among Alaskans though the promotion of physical activity and good nutrition. The program: [[br]]a) manages the Play Every Day campaign, Community Nutrition efforts, Early Care and Education (ECE) Obesity Prevention Partnerships, the Obesity Prevention School Partnerships and supports Healthy Futures; [[br]]b) serves as a credible source of information on the causes, health and economic consequences of obesity; [[br]]c) provides information to the public, health professionals, and the media; [[br]]d) maintain systematic collection, analysis, evaluation and reporting of obesity prevalence and related physical activity and nutrition behaviors; [[br]]e) identifies population groups at greatest risk for the health threats of obesity; [[br]]f) develops partnerships with and provides leadership to a wide variety of private and public agencies; [[br]]g) provides technical advice and support to partners in implementing obesity prevention strategies; [[br]]h) facilitates the Alaska Alliance for Healthy Kids that works to prevent childhood obesity; and [[br]]i) facilitates the Alaska Food Policy Council that works to strengthen Alaska's food systems to spur local economic development, increase food security, and improve nutrition and health.^5^[[br]] [[br]] ---- {{class .SmallerFont 5. Alaska Food Policy Council. [https://akfoodpolicycouncil.wordpress.com/]. }}

Evidence-based Practices

As part of the Healthy Alaskans 2020 health improvement process, groups of Alaska subject matter experts met over a period of months in a rigorous review process to identify and prioritize strategies to address the 25 health priorities. '''Strategy 1:''' [[br]]Implement a comprehensive social marketing campaign promoting nutrition and physical activity. Choose campaign topics strategically; examples include limiting sugary drinks and the importance of family meals. '''Evidence Base:''' [[br]]Citing The Community Guide and other reviews, the CDC recommends community-wide campaigns as effective in increasing physical activity, a contributing factor to maintaining a healthy weight. '''Sources:''' [[br]]Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Increasing physical activity: A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. MMWR. 2001; 50 (RR-18): 1-16. [http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/index.html The Community Guide] Kahn EB, Ramsey LT, Brownson RC, et al. The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2002; 22(4s): 73-107. '''Strategy 2:''' [[br]]Increase the number of breastfeeding-friendly maternity facilities. '''Evidence Base:''' A systematic review from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) concluded that infants who are not breastfed are more likely than breastfed infants to experience a number of poor health outcomes, including obesity (Ip et al., 2007). A Cochrane review of studies found that one effective approach for increasing breastfeeding initiation and duration rates is through support for institutional changes in maternity care practices (Fairbank et al., 2000). Specifically, the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative has been demonstrated to lead to improved breastfeeding rates (Philipp et al., 2001). '''Sources:''' Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, et al. Breastfeeding and maternal and infant health outcomes in developed countries. Evid Rep Technol Assess. 2007; (153): 1-186. Fairbank L, O'Meara S, Renfrew MJ, Woolridge M, Sowden AJ, Lister Sharp D. A systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to promote the initiation of breastfeeding. Health Technol Assess. 2000; 4(25):1-171. Philipp BL, Merewood A, Miller LW, et al. Baby-friendly hospital initiative improves breastfeeding initiation rates in a US hospital setting. Pediatrics. 2001; 108(3):677-681. '''Strategy 3:''' Adopt and implement new school physical activity and nutrition policies, also known as "wellness policies". '''Evidence Base:''' Many of the evidence-based strategies to address childhood obesity (such as promoting quality PE and health education, and establishing a Safe Routes to School program) depend on the support of schools, communities, and parents to implement. Therefore a strategy recommended by the CDC, US DHHS and the IOM is to support the adoption and implementation of school physical activity and nutrition policies (also known as "wellness policies") by school districts. '''Sources:''' [http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/npao/strategies.htm CDC School Health Guidelines] Institute of Medicine. Progress in preventing childhood obesity: How do we measure up? Koplan JP, Liverman CT, Kraak VI, Wisham, SL editors. Washington: National Academies Press; 2007. US Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, January 2010. USDA Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 SEC. 204 [http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-111publ296/pdf/PLAW-111publ296.pdf Local School Wellness Policy Implementation] A listing of strategies, actions, and key partners on this measure can be found at: [http://hss.state.ak.us/ha2020/assets/Actions-Partners_5_Overweight_Youth.pdf].

Available Services

Additional information on current efforts to prevent obesity in Alaska: [http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/].


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicators:


Related Risk Factors Indicators:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Alaska ComparisonsYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 25
All Alaskans200311.0%8.9%13.6%1481,427
All Alaskans2005**
All Alaskans200711.1%9.1%13.5%1441,263
All Alaskans200911.9%9.9%14.2%1511,320
All Alaskans201111.5%9.6%13.6%1521,275
All Alaskans201312.4%10.5%14.6%1451,167
All Alaskans201514.0%11.9%16.5%1901,344
Alaska Natives200313.7%8.3%21.6%37281
Alaska Natives2005**
Alaska Natives200713.4%8.6%20.2%32239
Alaska Natives200911.4%8.7%14.7%31291
Alaska Natives201114.8%10.8%20.0%44292
Alaska Natives201316.0%11.7%21.6%46268
Alaska Natives201514.1%10.7%18.3%51340
U.S.200312.0%10.7%13.4%
U.S.200513.0%12.1%13.9%
U.S.200712.8%11.8%13.9%
U.S.200911.8%10.8%13.0%
U.S.201113.0%11.7%14.4%
U.S.201313.7%12.6%14.9%
U.S.2015**
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** Data not available.

Data Sources

  • [http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Division of Adolescent and School Health, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by sex, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Males vs. FemalesYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 18
Males200313.7%10.9%17.2%98738
Males2005**
Males200712.5%9.9%15.6%83636
Males200913.8%10.9%17.3%86621
Males201114.0%11.0%17.6%90622
Males201313.4%10.8%16.6%77562
Males201516.9%14.4%19.8%120678
Females20038.1%6.1%10.7%50689
Females2005**
Females20079.7%7.1%12.9%61627
Females20099.9%7.9%12.4%65699
Females20118.8%6.7%11.6%62653
Females201311.4%9.0%14.3%68605
Females201510.9%8.4%14.1%70666
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by age, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Adolescent Age GroupsYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 38
14 or Younger200312.2%7.7%18.9%15138
14 or Younger2005**
14 or Younger200717.5%11.4%26.0%23139
14 or Younger200910.3%6.0%17.4%15137
14 or Younger201113.6%8.6%20.9%22162
14 or Younger201312.2%8.0%18.1%18137
14 or Younger201514.2%9.0%21.7%23137
15200312.2%8.8%16.8%49418
15200713.7%9.4%19.6%44344
15200911.2%8.5%14.6%38356
15201114.1%10.5%18.6%53369
15201312.4%9.1%16.8%42324
15201512.0%8.7%16.3%40344
16200311.9%8.5%16.5%38332
162005**
1620078.3%5.6%12.2%26286
16200910.0%7.1%13.7%34344
16201112.8%9.2%17.6%42342
16201312.1%8.9%16.3%32282
16201515.1%10.9%20.5%54377
17200310.8%7.2%15.9%30316
172005**
17200710.2%6.9%14.7%33301
17200915.3%11.3%20.4%45300
1720118.8%5.2%14.5%22259
17201312.0%8.2%17.1%31262
17201514.1%10.5%18.8%47315
18 or Older20037.6%4.1%13.7%16223
18 or Older2005**
18 or Older20079.1%5.4%14.8%18193
18 or Older200912.2%7.7%19.0%19183
18 or Older20117.0%3.2%14.7%13143
18 or Older201313.8%9.7%19.4%22162
18 or Older201515.3%11.4%20.2%26171
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by race, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Race: White, AK Native, OtherYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 25
White200310.0%7.9%12.6%84883
White2005**
White200710.0%7.9%12.7%75733
White200911.0%8.1%14.7%64612
White20119.9%7.9%12.4%68645
White20139.6%7.5%12.3%53574
White201511.3%9.0%14.0%72650
Alaska Native200313.7%8.3%21.6%37281
Alaska Native2005**
Alaska Native200713.4%8.6%20.2%32239
Alaska Native200911.4%8.7%14.7%31291
Alaska Native201114.8%10.8%20.0%44292
Alaska Native201316.0%11.7%21.6%46268
Alaska Native201514.1%10.7%18.3%51340
Other races200312.1%7.1%19.9%21178
Other races2005**
Other races200712.0%8.2%17.3%35266
Other races200915.4%10.7%21.7%45320
Other races201112.2%8.8%16.5%38301
Other races201314.3%1.3%19.4%41295
Other races201519.7%14.7%25.8%60305
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by ethnicity, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Ethnicity - Hispanic/LatinoYearPercentage of AdolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 18
Hispanic/Latino2003**45
Hispanic/Latino2005**
Hispanic/Latino200712.3%6.9%21.1%12102
Hispanic/Latino200915.2%8.8%24.9%17124
Hispanic/Latino201113.0%8.7%19.0%18133
Hispanic/Latino201315.5%9.4%24.4%19114
Hispanic/Latino201517.7%11.0%27.2%21123
Not Hispanic/Latino200311.0%8.9%13.7%1341,297
Not Hispanic/Latino2005**
Not Hispanic/Latino200711.2%9.1%13.6%1321,151
Not Hispanic/Latino200911.8%9.9%14.1%1341,180
Not Hispanic/Latino201111.4%9.6%13.5%1321,121
Not Hispanic/Latino201312.1%10.1%14.4%1231,036
Not Hispanic/Latino201513.7%11.6%16.1%1651,191
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

Ethnicity is defined independent of race. ** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by grade level, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Grade LevelYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 32
9th200312.4%9.5%16.0%58488
9th2005**
9th200714.5%10.5%19.6%54405
9th20099.2%6.8%12.3%34369
9th201112.1%8.7%16.6%53407
9th201312.4%9.0%16.9%43331
9th201513.2%9.7%17.8%44316
10th200311.8%7.6%17.8%32305
10th2005**
10th200711.7%8.0%16.8%32245
10th200911.3%8.2%15.5%36328
10th201114.0%10.4%18.6%46340
10th201313.3%9.9%17.6%39308
10th201513.0%9.5%17.4%51409
11th20039.2%6.4%13.2%32353
11th2005**
11th200710.2%6.8%15.0%34325
11th200914.1%10.6%18.4%47356
11th201110.4%6.5%16.4%30302
11th201313.1%9.5%17.8%35268
11th201514.2%10.0%19.7%51347
12th20039.5%5.4%16.3%23265
12th2005**
12th20077.8%5.0%11.8%24273
12th200913.6%9.3%19.5%32243
12th20119.0%5.9%13.6%23221
12th201310.6%7.4%14.9%27252
12th201516.1%12.1%21.0%43265
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by academic performance, all Alaskans, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

HA: Academic PerformanceYearPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 18
Mostly As and Bs20037.9%6.0%10.4%76984
Mostly As and Bs2005**
Mostly As and Bs20078.9%7.0%11.3%76839
Mostly As and Bs200910.8%8.5%13.6%92884
Mostly As and Bs20119.5%7.5%11.9%86846
Mostly As and Bs201310.6%8.5%13.2%90836
Mostly As and Bs201512.0%9.8%14.5%110926
Not mostly As and Bs200317.8%13.6%23.1%71429
Not mostly As and Bs2005**
Not mostly As and Bs200714.9%11.6%19.1%67418
Not mostly As and Bs200913.8%10.8%17.6%57432
Not mostly As and Bs201115.6%11.6%20.8%66421
Not mostly As and Bs201316.6%12.6%21.7%53322
Not mostly As and Bs201518.5%14.6%23.1%77403
Healthy Alaskans Goal201310.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201510.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201710.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal201910.0%

Data Notes

** = Data not available

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by Behavioral Health Systems Regions, all Alaskans and Alaska Natives, 2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Alaska ComparisonsBehavioral Health System Assessment RegionsPercentage of adolescentsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 21
All AlaskansAnchorage Muncipality13.8%11.6%16.3%1941,173
All AlaskansFairbanks North Star Borough**380
All AlaskansCity and Borough of Juneau13.8%10.7%17.5%73455
All AlaskansKenai Peninsula Borough12.7%10.8%14.9%117951
All AlaskansMatanuska-Susitna Borough14.2%12.0%16.8%1701,043
All AlaskansNorthwest Region9.1%7.4%11.1%69727
All AlaskansOther Interior Region13.4%10.1%17.7%34261
All AlaskansOther Southeast Region14.7%12.3%17.5%130860
All AlaskansY-K Delta Region9.0%6.7%12.0%13145
All AlaskansSouthwest Region19.1%15.5%23.3%82444
Alaska NativesAnchorage Muncipality16.1%11.0%23.0%45216
Alaska NativesFairbanks North Star Borough**67
Alaska NativesCity and Borough of Juneau**71
Alaska NativesKenai Peninsula Borough15.5%10.7%22.0%23144
Alaska NativesMatanuska-Susitna Borough12.4%8.1%18.4%38233
Alaska NativesNorthwest Region8.5%6.9%10.5%54609
Alaska NativesOther Interior Region14.7%11.7%18.3%22143
Alaska NativesOther Southeast Region19.7%1,537.0%24.3%44233
Alaska NativesY-K Delta Region9.7%7.2%13.0%13135
Alaska NativesSouthwest Region23.0%18.1%28.9%38171
Healthy Alaskans GoalHealthy Alaskans Goal10.0%

Data Notes

** = Data statistically unreliable or suppressed. Data for the Fairbanks North Star Borough were collected by the Fairbanks North Star Borough School District, which has reserved access to the data. Requests for the information should be addressed to the FNSBSD Superintendent, Dr. Karen Gaborik at superintendent@k12northstar.org or (907) 452-2000 x11401. These data are a regional compilation of YRBS surveys conducted for local school districts. They represent a combination of samples representative of the student bodies of districts and others which are only representative of those completing the survey. The representative samples have been weighted to the sex and grade characteristics of their school district. The unrepresentative surveys have a weight of 1. The results of the local YRBS program may not meet the statistical rigor of the statewide estimates and should be viewed with caution. However, the local YRBS program does demonstrate the existence of risk factors.

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, by Alaska Economic Regions, all Alaskans and Alaska Natives, 2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Alaska ComparisonsAlaska Public Health RegionsPercentage of adultsLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 13
All AlaskansAnchorage - Mat-Su13.9%12.1%15.9%3642,216
All AlaskansGulf Coast13.4%11.7%15.4%1791,327
All AlaskansInterior10.7%8.3%13.8%68566
All AlaskansNorthern9.1%7.4%11.1%69727
All AlaskansSoutheast14.3%12.3%16.5%2031,315
All AlaskansSouthwest14.8%11.5%18.8%40288
Alaska NativesAnchorage - Mat-Su14.9%11.0%19.8%83449
Alaska NativesGulf Coast16.4%12.2%21.7%37213
Alaska NativesInterior10.3%6.2%16.8%28202
Alaska NativesNorthern8.5%6.9%10.5%54609
Alaska NativesSoutheast23.1%19.0%27.8%66304
Alaska NativesSouthwest16.0%12.7%20.0%37245
Healthy Alaskans GoalHealthy Alaskans Goal10.0%

Data Notes

These data are a regional compilation of YRBS surveys conducted for local school districts. They represent a combination of samples representative of the student bodies of districts and others which are only representative of those completing the survey. The representative samples have been weighted to the sex and grade characteristics of their school district. The unrepresentative surveys have a weight of 1. The results of the local YRBS program may not meet the statistical rigor of the statewide estimates and should be viewed with caution. However, the local YRBS program does demonstrate the existence of risk factors although their exact magnitude may be in question.

Data Source

[http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/yrbs/yrbs.aspx Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System], Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

'''References:''' 1. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. Growth Charts. [http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/clinical_charts.htm] 2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Surgeon General's Vision for a Healthy and Fit Nation. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General, January 2010. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK44660/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK44660.pdf] 3. Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC et al. A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. NEJM 2005;352(11):1138-45. 4. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Fryar CD, Flegal KM. Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2011-2014. NCHS data brief, no 219. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. 2015. [http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db219.htm] 5. Alaska Food Policy Council. [https://akfoodpolicycouncil.wordpress.com/] '''Resources:''' Additional information on current efforts to prevent overweight and obesity in Alaska is available at: [http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/].

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Alaska health promotion resources may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

AK-IBIS Web Citation

Use and reproduction of the information published on this website are encouraged and may be done without permission. The following citation should accompany information from this website whenever it is used, reproduced, or published:

AK-IBIS Indicator Citation:
"[Indicator name]. Retrieved on [insert date] from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (AK-IBIS) website: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/.

Example:
Diabetes Prevalence. Retrieved on March 25, 2016, from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (AK-IBIS) website: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov/.

Page Content Updated On 04/22/2016, Published on 04/22/2016
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 02 May 2016 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 22 Apr 2016 15:22:26 AKDT
The information provided above is from the Department of Health's Center for Health Data IBIS-PH web site (http://ibis.health.state.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Mon, 02 May 2016 2:36:14 from Department of Health, Center for Health Data, Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health Web site: http://ibis.health.state.gov ".

Content updated: Fri, 22 Apr 2016 15:22:26 AKDT