Complete Indicator Profile - Obesity - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 5Aii)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Obesity - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 5Aii)

Definition

Obesity is determined by calculating the individual's body mass index (BMI) and comparing it to age and sex standardized growth charts distributed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Adolescents are considered obese if their BMI is greater than the 95th percentile for BMI.

Numerator

Number of students in grades 9-12 with a body mass index (BMI) at or above the sex- and age-specific 95th percentile based on the CDC Growth Charts.

Denominator

Number of students in grades 9-12 with complete and valid measurements for height and weight.

Why Is This Important?

Overweight and obesity affect a large proportion of the Alaska population and there has been an increase in the number of obese persons over the last decade. Many diseases and adverse health outcomes are associated with overweight and obesity, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and some types of cancer. In addition to genetic factors, an unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are both key contributors to rising obesity rates. It has been projected that, due to obesity, today's children may be the first generation to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents.

Healthy People Objective NWS-10.3:

Reduce the proportion of children and adolescents who are considered obese: Adolescents aged 12 to 19 years
U.S. Target: 16.1 percent
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 10.0%

Other Objectives

The Healthy Alaskans 2010 objective of 5% for both genders was not met.

What Is Being Done?

In collaboration with partners statewide, the Obesity Prevention and Control Program (the Program) provides professional development opportunities and technical assistance to school teachers and staff on evidence-based obesity prevention strategies appropriate for the school environment.

The program supports quality school-based physical education. With the Department of Education, the program recently helped develop Alaska Physical Education Standards which were adopted by the State Board of Education in July 2010. The program co-hosts the "Moving into Action: Combating Childhood Obesity" training for school nurse, health and PE teachers. The program co-hosted the PE Standards and Assessment training for PE teachers. Program staff encourages active transportation by helping coordinate Bike to Work Day and by fulfilling committee positions on the Anchorage.

The program facilitates a food policy council. The goal of the food policy council is to increase fruit and vegetable access, availability and consumption of fruits and vegetables.

The program also provides important surveillance data and publishes reports on the behaviors and risk factors that contribute to obesity to help community coalitions and partners identify and track health problems, and evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention efforts.

Available Services

Additional information on current efforts to prevent obesity in Alaska: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/.



Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were obese, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2001-2019

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of adolescents (grades 9-12) who were obese Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 25
All Alaskans 2001 **
All Alaskans 2003 11.0% 8.9% 13.6%
All Alaskans 2005 **
All Alaskans 2007 11.1% 9.1% 13.5%
All Alaskans 2009 11.8% 9.9% 14.0%
All Alaskans 2011 11.5% 9.6% 13.7%
All Alaskans 2013 12.4% 10.5% 14.6%
Alaska Natives 2001 **
Alaska Natives 2003 13.7% 8.3% 21.6%
Alaska Natives 2005 **
Alaska Natives 2007 13.4% 8.6% 20.3%
Alaska Natives 2009 11.6% 8.9% 15.0%
Alaska Natives 2011 14.8% 10.8% 20.0%
Alaska Natives 2013 16.0% 11.5% 21.9%
U.S. 2001 10.5% 9.5% 11.5%
U.S. 2003 12.0% 10.7% 13.4%
U.S. 2005 13.0% 12.1% 13.9%
U.S. 2007 12.8% 11.8% 13.9%
U.S. 2009 11.8% 10.8% 13.0%
U.S. 2011 13.0% 11.7% 14.4%
U.S. 2013 13.7% 12.6% 14.9%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 10.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 10.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 10.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 10.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 10.0%

** Data not available.   Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from correspondence schools, alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.

Data Sources

  • Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, School Health and YRBS Program
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


References and Community Resources

Additional information on current efforts to prevent overweight and obesity in Alaska is available at: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/.

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 08/01/2014, Published on 08/01/2014
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 31 October 2014 12:32:42 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Sun, 12 Oct 2014 15:22:36 AKDT