Complete Indicator Profile - Obesity - Adults (18+) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 4B)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Obesity - Adults (18+) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 4B)

Definition

Percentage of adults aged 18 years and older who have a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30.0 kg/m2 calculated from self-reported weight and height. BMI is calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by the square of height in meters.

Numerator

Weighted number of adults aged 18 years and older who have a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30.0 kg/m2 calculated from self-reported weight and height. Excludes pregnant women and biologically implausible values.

Denominator

Weighted number of adults aged 18 years and older for whom BMI can be calculated from their self-reported weight and height (excludes unknowns, refusals for weight and/or height, pregnant women, and biologically implausible values).

Why Is This Important?

Obesity has become a major health problem for Alaskans and Americans. About a third of the adult population is now obese and an additional one-third is overweight.[1] Obesity is expensive. It is estimated medical complications of obesity cost Alaska's economy $477 million a year in direct medical expenditures (E.A. Finkelstein, personal communication, July 2009). The spread of the obesity epidemic has been equally, if not more, severe among children and adolescents. Since 1980, the national overweight and obesity rates have tripled for youth, with 34% of two to 19 year olds above a normal weight (above the 85th percentile).[2] Overweight and obesity are determined by calculating Body Mass Index (BMI) from a person's weight and height. BMI provides a reliable indicator of body fatness for most people and it is used to screen for weight categories that increases the risk of health problems. The impact of the obesity epidemic is reflected in the nation's concurrent epidemics of diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic diseases, and has even lead to the projection that, due to obesity, today's children may be the first generation to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents' generation.[3]

Overweight and obesity affect a large proportion of the Alaska population and there has been an increase in the number of obese persons over the last decade. Many diseases and adverse health outcomes are associated with overweight and obesity, including high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, sleep apnea, respiratory problems, and some types of cancer. In addition to genetic factors, an unhealthy diet and a lack of physical activity are both key contributors to rising obesity rates. It has been projected that, due to obesity, today's children may be the first generation to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents.

References:
1. Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Curtin LR. Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2008. JAMA. 2010 Jan 20;303(3):235-41.
2. Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Curtin LR, Lamb MM, Flegal KM. Prevalence of high body mass index in US children and adolescents, 2007-2008. JAMA. 2010 Jan 20;303(3):242-9.
3. Olshansky SJ, Passaro DJ, Hershow RC et al. A potential decline in life expectancy in the United States in the 21st century. NEJM 2005;352(11):1138-45.

Healthy People Objective NWS-9:

Reduce the proportion of adults who are obese
U.S. Target: 30.6 percent
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Other Objectives

The Healthy Alaskans 2010 target for adult obesity prevalence of 18% was not met.

How Are We Doing?

The percentage of Alaska adults who are obese has steadily increased over the past 2 decades, doubling between 1991 (13%) and 2010 (29%).

The Healthy Alaskans 2010 target for adult obesity prevalence was 18% or lower. Adult obesity prevalence has increased steadily from a baseline of 20% in 1999 to its current level of 29% in 2010. The Healthy Alaskans 2010 target of 18% was not met.

The prevalence of obesity is higher for Alaska Natives/American Indians (31%) than White Alaskans (25%). Those living in rural Alaska (30%) are more likely to be obese than those in other regions of the states (25-26%). Women with low household incomes and with less than a high school education are more likely to be obese. (Source: 2009 BRFSS) Additional statistics on obesity burden are available at: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/resources.htm.

How Do We Compare With U.S.?

The Alaska adult obesity rate has paralleled the increase seen in adult obesity prevalence nationwide.

What Is Being Done?

In collaboration with partners statewide, the Obesity Prevention and Control Program provides professional development opportunities and technical assistance to school teachers and staff on evidence-based obesity prevention strategies appropriate for the school environment. The program also provides important surveillance data and publishes reports on the behaviors and risk factors that contribute to obesity to help community coalitions and partners identify and track health problems, and evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention efforts. Additional information on current efforts to prevent obesity in Alaska is available at: http://www.hss.state.ak.us/dph/chronic/obesity/.

Evidence-based Practices

As part of the Healthy Alaskans 2020 health improvement process, groups of Alaskan subject matter experts met over a period of months in a rigorous review process to identify and prioritize strategies to address the 25 health priorities. Public health partners around the state are aligning work around these approaches adapted to Alaska's unique needs.

Strategy 1:
Implement a comprehensive social marketing campaign promoting nutrition and physical activity. Choose campaign topics strategically; examples include limiting sugary drinks and the importance of family meals.

Evidence Base:
Citing The Community Guide and other reviews, the CDC recommends community-wide campaigns as effective in increasing physical activity, a contributing factor to maintaining a healthy weight.

Sources:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Increasing physical activity: A report on recommendations of the Task Force on Community Preventive Services. MMWR. 2001; 50 (RR-18):1-16.
The Community Guide:
http://www.thecommunityguide.org/pa/index.html
Kahn EB, Ramsey LT, Brownson RC, et al. The effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med. 2002; 22(4S): 73-107.



Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 1991-2020

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 77
All Alaskans 1991 13.4% 11.1% 16.1%
All Alaskans 1992 12.2% 10.0% 14.8%
All Alaskans 1993 13.6% 11.2% 16.5%
All Alaskans 1994 13.1% 11.0% 15.6%
All Alaskans 1995 19.1% 16.3% 22.3%
All Alaskans 1996 16.6% 13.9% 19.7%
All Alaskans 1997 19.6% 16.8% 22.7%
All Alaskans 1998 21.2% 18.7% 23.9%
All Alaskans 1999 20.4% 18.0% 22.9%
All Alaskans 2000 21.1% 18.7% 23.7%
All Alaskans 2001 22.0% 19.9% 24.2%
All Alaskans 2002 23.5% 21.0% 26.3%
All Alaskans 2003 23.7% 21.5% 26.1%
All Alaskans 2004 23.0% 21.4% 24.7%
All Alaskans 2005 25.6% 23.9% 27.3%
All Alaskans 2006 26.0% 24.1% 28.0%
All Alaskans 2007 28.1% 26.2% 30.2%
All Alaskans 2008 28.5% 26.5% 30.5%
All Alaskans 2009 26.9% 24.9% 29.0%
All Alaskans 2010 29.2% 26.5% 32.0%
All Alaskans 2011 27.8% 26.0% 29.6%
All Alaskans 2012 28.1% 26.3% 29.9%
All Alaskans 2013 29.5% 27.9% 31.1%
Alaska Natives 1991 15.7% 11.8% 20.6%
Alaska Natives 1992 21.0% 14.4% 29.7%
Alaska Natives 1993 17.4% 12.8% 23.3%
Alaska Natives 1994 17.7% 13.2% 23.3%
Alaska Natives 1995 17.0% 11.9% 23.7%
Alaska Natives 1996 24.5% 18.3% 31.9%
Alaska Natives 1997 21.9% 16.1% 29.2%
Alaska Natives 1998 28.6% 22.7% 35.4%
Alaska Natives 1999 30.7% 24.5% 37.6%
Alaska Natives 2000 29.0% 22.4% 36.7%
Alaska Natives 2001 27.5% 22.9% 32.7%
Alaska Natives 2002 32.8% 26.5% 39.8%
Alaska Natives 2003 24.0% 19.5% 29.1%
Alaska Natives 2004 24.6% 21.3% 28.3%
Alaska Natives 2005 32.6% 28.7% 36.7%
Alaska Natives 2006 27.2% 23.3% 31.5%
Alaska Natives 2007 33.9% 29.4% 38.8%
Alaska Natives 2008 37.5% 32.9% 42.4%
Alaska Natives 2009 32.2% 27.6% 37.2%
Alaska Natives 2010 31.4% 25.2% 38.4%
Alaska Natives 2011 34.5% 30.2% 39.2%
Alaska Natives 2012 34.9% 30.9% 39.0%
Alaska Natives 2013 33.7% 29.9% 37.7%
U.S. 1991 12.6%
U.S. 1992 12.6%
U.S. 1993 13.7%
U.S. 1994 14.4%
U.S. 1995 15.8%
U.S. 1996 16.8%
U.S. 1997 16.6%
U.S. 1998 18.3%
U.S. 1999 19.7%
U.S. 2000 20.1%
U.S. 2001 21.0%
U.S. 2002 22.1%
U.S. 2003 22.8%
U.S. 2004 23.1%
U.S. 2005 24.4%
U.S. 2006 25.1%
U.S. 2007 26.3%
U.S. 2008 26.6%
U.S. 2009 27.2%
U.S. 2010 27.6%
U.S. 2011 27.8%
U.S. 2012 27.6%
U.S. 2013 28.9%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.   U.S. values are based upon the median value of the states, District of Columbia, and territories.

Data Sources

  • Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • U.S. Data: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by sex, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Males vs. Females Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
Males 2010 27.6% 23.9% 31.7%
Males 2011 28.0% 25.4% 30.6%
Males 2012 28.3% 25.9% 30.8%
Males 2013 28.6% 26.5% 30.8%
Females 2010 31.0% 27.3% 35.0%
Females 2011 27.5% 25.1% 30.1%
Females 2012 27.8% 25.3% 30.5%
Females 2013 30.5% 28.1% 33.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by age group, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Age Group: 18-24,25-34,35-44,45-64,65+ Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
18-24 2010 16.5% 9.7% 26.2%
18-24 2011 16.0% 11.1% 22.6%
18-24 2012 10.2% 7.6% 13.6%
18-24 2013 15.7% 12.1% 20.1%
25-34 2010 26.0% 19.4% 33.9%
25-34 2011 24.4% 20.1% 29.2%
25-34 2012 28.1% 24.2% 32.4%
25-34 2013 29.9% 25.8% 34.2%
35-44 2010 31.7% 25.5% 38.6%
35-44 2011 31.5% 27.4% 35.9%
35-44 2012 31.7% 27.2% 36.6%
35-44 2013 31.5% 27.5% 35.7%
45-64 2010 35.2% 31.4% 39.2%
45-64 2011 31.8% 29.2% 34.6%
45-64 2012 32.1% 29.3% 35.1%
45-64 2013 33.3% 30.8% 35.9%
65+ 2010 27.4% 22.0% 33.5%
65+ 2011 29.6% 25.3% 34.3%
65+ 2012 30.4% 25.8% 35.4%
65+ 2013 30.5% 27.2% 34.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by ethnicity, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Ethnicity - Hispanic/Latino Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
Hispanic/Latino 2010 30.2% 16.9% 47.8%
Hispanic/Latino 2011 29.2% 19.7% 41.0%
Hispanic/Latino 2012 25.6% 17.9% 35.2%
Hispanic/Latino 2013 32.7% 24.6% 42.0%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2010 29.1% 26.4% 32.0%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2011 27.7% 27.7% 29.6%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2012 28.2% 28.2% 30.1%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2013 29.3% 29.3% 31.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by marital status, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Marital Status Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
Married 2010 30.2% 26.9% 33.8%
Married 2011 27.8% 25.6% 30.1%
Married 2012 31.3% 28.8% 33.9%
Married 2013 30.6% 28.5% 32.8%
Widowed 2010 28.0% 18.8% 39.5%
Widowed 2011 32.8% 25.5% 41.0%
Widowed 2012 28.4% 21.9% 35.9%
Widowed 2013 29.4% 24.0% 35.3%
Divorced/Separated 2010 35.4% 27.9% 43.8%
Divorced/Separated 2011 31.8% 27.7% 36.7%
Divorced/Separated 2012 29.2% 25.1% 33.5%
Divorced/Separated 2013 33.8% 29.3% 38.6%
Never Married 2010 22.2% 16.5% 29.3%
Never Married 2011 26.8% 22.3% 31.8%
Never Married 2012 20.2% 17.2% 23.6%
Never Married 2013 23.5% 20.1% 27.2%
Living with a Partner 2010 36.5% 23.9% 51.4%
Living with a Partner 2011 22.2% 15.6% 30.6%
Living with a Partner 2012 28.3% 20.6% 37.6%
Living with a Partner 2013 33.4% 26.0% 41.8%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.



Percentage of adults who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by education, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Edu Level: < HS, HS, Some Coll, Coll Grad Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 24
< HS 2010 43.1% 32.9% 54.0%
< HS 2011 37.8% 30.1% 46.2%
< HS 2012 28.6% 22.7% 35.3%
< HS 2013 39.2% 32.3% 46.7%
HS 2010 26.9% 22.2% 32.2%
HS 2011 35.2% 31.6% 38.9%
HS 2012 36.1% 32.2% 40.2%
HS 2013 35.0% 31.6% 38.6%
Some Coll 2010 36.2% 31.0% 41.6%
Some Coll 2011 28.6% 25.4% 32.0%
Some Coll 2012 33.0% 29.7% 36.6%
Some Coll 2013 32.6% 29.6% 35.7%
Coll Grad 2010 25.4% 21.3% 30.0%
Coll Grad 2011 22.1% 19.5% 24.9%
Coll Grad 2012 23.3% 20.6% 26.3%
Coll Grad 2013 24.7% 22.3% 27.3%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by employment status, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Employment Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 24
Employed 2010 28.9% 25.6% 32.5%
Employed 2011 27.2% 25.0% 29.5%
Employed 2012 27.7% 25.5% 30.0%
Employed 2013 29.0% 26.9% 31.1%
Unemployed 2010 36.3% 25.7% 48.4%
Unemployed 2011 26.1% 20.2% 33.1%
Unemployed 2012 31.2% 25.0% 38.2%
Unemployed 2013 32.9% 26.4% 40.2%
Not In Work Force 2010 24.5% 19.6% 30.3%
Not In Work Force 2011 26.2% 22.8% 29.8%
Not In Work Force 2012 25.9% 22.6% 29.5%
Not In Work Force 2013 27.8% 24.9% 30.9%
Unable to Work 2010 48.5% 36.1% 61.0%
Unable to Work 2011 45.8% 36.3% 55.5%
Unable to Work 2012 38.3% 30.7% 46.6%
Unable to Work 2013 41.6% 33.4% 50.2%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by income, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Income: <$15k, $15k-$25k, $25k-$50k, $50-$75k, $75k+ Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
<$15,000 2010 27.9% 18.9% 39.1%
<$15,000 2011 35.4% 27.6% 44.1%
<$15,000 2012 31.6% 25.8% 38.1%
<$15,000 2013 30.6% 24.2% 37.8%
$15,000 - $24,999 2010 36.7% 27.9% 46.5%
$15,000 - $24,999 2011 32.4% 26.4% 39.0%
$15,000 - $24,999 2012 26.1% 21.6% 31.2%
$15,000 - $24,999 2013 33.0% 28.2% 38.1%
$25,000 - $49,999 2010 29.7% 23.9% 36.3%
$25,000 - $49,999 2011 27.6% 23.4% 32.2%
$25,000 - $49,999 2012 30.5% 26.6% 34.7%
$25,000 - $49,999 2013 31.3% 27.5% 35.3%
$50,000 - $74,999 2010 33.5% 26.4% 41.5%
$50,000 - $74,999 2011 30.9% 26.8% 35.3%
$50,000 - $74,999 2012 30.2% 25.5% 35.2%
$50,000 - $74,999 2013 32.8% 28.9% 37.1%
$75,000+ 2010 27.7% 23.4% 32.5%
$75,000+ 2011 26.6% 23.9% 29.6%
$75,000+ 2012 26.5% 23.7% 29.7%
$75,000+ 2013 27.4% 24.9% 30.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by poverty threshold, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Poverty Threshold Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 20
Poor 2010 36.7% 24.9% 50.3%
Poor 2011 29.1% 22.1% 37.4%
Poor 2012 31.7% 25.8% 38.2%
Poor 2013 29.4% 23.3% 36.4%
Near Poor 2010 29.7% 23.1% 37.1%
Near Poor 2011 26.1% 21.6% 31.2%
Near Poor 2012 28.6% 24.3% 33.2%
Near Poor 2013 34.3% 30.1% 38.7%
Middle/High 2010 29.9% 26.6% 33.5%
Middle/High 2011 28.7% 26.7% 30.9%
Middle/High 2012 27.9% 25.8% 30.2%
Middle/High 2013 29.3% 27.4% 31.3%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.   Poverty thresholds are intended for use as a statistical yardstick, not as a complete description of what people and families need to live. Poverty thresholds are the dollar amounts assigned by the U.S. Census Bureau to determine poverty status. Poverty thresholds are assigned based upon the size of the family and the ages of the members (i.e., adults versus children). The same thresholds are used throughout the United States. Poverty thresholds were originally derived in the 1963-1964 using U.S. Department of Agriculture food budgets designed for families under economic stress and data about what proportion of their income families spent on food. The thresholds are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).

Poverty thresholds computed using the BRFSS assume that householders are less than 65 years of age as the household composition cannot be determined with accuracy. The category of Poor represents less than 100% of the poverty threshold. Near Poor is 100% through 199% of the poverty threshold. Middle/High income families are 200% or high of the poverty threshold.

[How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty - U.S. Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html]



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by Alaska Public Health Regions, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Geog PHR Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 32
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2010 30.3% 25.7% 35.3%
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2011 27.5% 24.7% 30.5%
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2012 27.9% 25.3% 30.7%
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2013 30.3% 27.4% 32.7%
Gulf Coast 2010 26.1% 22.1% 30.6%
Gulf Coast 2011 25.3% 21.6% 29.4%
Gulf Coast 2012 29.2% 25.1% 33.7%
Gulf Coast 2013 30.8% 27.4% 34.4%
Interior 2010 28.2% 24.0% 32.9%
Interior 2011 28.7% 35.0% 32.7%
Interior 2012 24.8% 21.1% 28.8%
Interior 2013 26.6% 23.9% 29.5%
Northern 2010 27.0% 19.4% 36.3%
Northern 2011 31.2% 24.9% 38.3%
Northern 2012 30.3% 22.5% 39.4%
Northern 2013 35.0% 27.1% 43.8%
Southeast 2010 31.5% 26.7% 36.7%
Southeast 2011 28.4% 24.3% 33.0%
Southeast 2012 30.2% 26.0% 34.7%
Southeast 2013 27.1% 23.8% 30.6%
Southwest 2010 25.1% 18.8% 32.7%
Southwest 2011 30.0% 24.5% 36.3%
Southwest 2012 32.0% 27.0% 37.5%
Southwest 2013 31.7% 25.9% 38.1%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), by metropolitan/micropolitan statistical areas, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Metro/Micropolitan Area Year Percentage of Adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 36
Anchorage 2010 28.2% 23.1% 33.9%
Anchorage 2011 27.9% 24.6% 31.6%
Anchorage 2012 27.9% 24.8% 31.3%
Anchorage 2013 29.7% 26.6% 33.0%
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2010 27.4% 22.9% 32.4%
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2011 28.8% 24.7% 33.3%
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2012 24.8% 20.6% 29.4%
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2013 25.9% 23.0% 29.1%
Jeneau MicroSA 2010 28.3% 21.5% 36.2%
Jeneau MicroSA 2011 28.9% 22.2% 36.7%
Jeneau MicroSA 2012 25.9% 20.0% 32.9%
Jeneau MicroSA 2013 24.6% 19.8% 30.1%
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2010 31.0% 21.1% 43.1%
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2011 28.3% 19.0% 39.9%
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2012 29.8% 21.0% 40.4%
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2013 27.3% 20.3% 35.8%
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2010 23.3% 14.7% 34.7%
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2011 29.0% 19.1% 41.5%
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2012 27.8% 18.7% 39.2%
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2013 29.0% 20.6% 39.1%
Matanuska-Susitna 2010 37.5% 28.0% 48.1%
Matanuska-Susitna 2011 26.1% 21.9% 30.8%
Matanuska-Susitna 2012 28.0% 23.3% 33.2%
Matanuska-Susitna 2013 31.0% 27.0% 35.3%
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2010 28.4% 25.3% 31.8%
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2011 27.4% 24.9% 30.0%
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2012 30.5% 27.8% 33.4%
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2013 31.3% 28.9% 33.9%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 27.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.



Percentage of adults (18+) who were obese (BMI >= 30.0), Boroughts and Census Areas, 2011-2013 (3-year average)

::chart - missing::

Boroughs/Census Areas Percentage of adults Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 30
Aleutians East Borough 28.7% 18.0% 42.4%
Aleutians West Borough 28.0% 30.7% 50.6%
Anchorage Municipality 28.5% 26.5% 30.5%
Bethel Census Area 30.5% 25.3% 36.2%
Bristol Bay Borough 32.0% 19.6% 47.6%
Denali Borough 20.4% 11.9% 32.6%
Dillingham Census Area 32.2% 23.9% 41.8%
Fairbanks North Star Borough 26.5% 24.3% 28.9%
Haines Borough 18.7% 11.8% 28.3%
Hoonah-Angoon Census Area 32.8% 19.7% 49.3%
Juneau City and Borough 26.5% 23.0% 30.4%
Kenai Peninsula Borough 28.6% 26.0% 31.4%
Ketchikan Gateway Borough 28.5% 23.4% 34.2%
Kodiak Island Borough 28.5% 23.0% 34.9%
Lake and Peninsula Borough 35.5% 26.0% 46.3%
Matanuska-Susitna Borough 28.4% 25.9% 31.1%
Nome Census Area 29.8% 23.9% 36.5%
North Slope Borough 41.6% 31.5% 52.4%
Northwest Arctic Borough 26.0% 19.9% 33.2%
Petersburg Borough 28.7% 21.5% 37.3%
Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area 48.1% 39.8% 56.5%
Sitka City and Borough 22.7% 17.8% 28.3%
Skagway Municipality 26.1% 13.6% 44.1%
Southeast Fairbanks Census Area 29.0% 23.3% 35.4%
Valdez-Cordova Census Area 27.5% 22.2% 33.5%
Kusilvak Census Area 25.2% 19.0% 32.7%
Wrangell City and Borough 34.4% 22.5% 48.7%
Yakutat City and Borough 25.8% 14.4% 42.0%
Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area 28.6% 22.9% 35.1%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 27.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 target: 27%

Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska prior to 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 onward. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included on both surveys.


References and Community Resources

Resources:

The National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion provides consumer information at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/obesity/

NHLBI Obesity Education Initiative at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/about/oei/

The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Prevent and Decrease Overweight & Obesity at http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/topics/obesity

Let's Move, America's Move to Raise a Healthier Generation of Kids at www.letsmove.gov

More information on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System may be found on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 07/07/2015, Published on 07/07/2015
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Thu, 30 July 2015 12:12:02 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Tue, 7 Jul 2015 10:36:24 AKDT