Complete Indicator Profile - Mental Health - Adults (18+) - Past 30 Days (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 9)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Mental Health - Adults (18+) - Past 30 Days (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 9)

Definition

Mean number of days adults aged 18 years and older who reported their mental health was not good in the past 30 days.

Numerator

Number of adults (18+) reporting number of days to the question: "Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health NOT good?"

Denominator

Number of adults (18+) providing complete and valid responses to the question, excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure" and "Refused" responses.

Why Is This Important?

Mental health is a state of successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with adversity. Mental health is indispensable to personal well-being, family and interpersonal relationships, and contribution to community or society. Mental health was recognized in the U.S. Surgeon General's 1999 report as being fundamental to overall health. Poor mental health can occur across the lifespan, affecting persons of all racial and ethnic groups, both sexes, and all educational and socioeconomic groups. Evidence has shown that mental disorders are strongly related to the occurrence, successful treatment, and course of many chronic diseases including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and obesity, as well as many risk behaviors for chronic disease, including physical inactivity, smoking, excessive drinking, and insufficient sleep. In teens, sadness or depression can lead to poor grades at school, alcohol or drug use, unsafe sex, and other problems. National studies have found that mental health issues have been the most commonly identified precipitating circumstance in suicides.

Other Objectives

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Evidence-based Practices

As part of the Healthy Alaskans 2020 health improvement process, groups of Alaskan subject matter experts met over a period of months in a rigorous review process to identify and prioritize strategies to address the 25 health priorities. Public health partners around the state are aligning work around these approaches adapted to Alaska's unique needs. Below are the strategies identified for enhancing adolescent support systems.

Strategy 1:
Identify adults who are experiencing or at-risk of experiencing mentally unhealthy days and connect them to screening, treatment, and social support services immediately (indicated prevention).

Evidence Base:
Individuals who receive treatment and/or behavioral interventions earlier are less likely to develop serious mental health disorders. Screening for both depression and substance abuse is indicated, as the impact of misuse and dependence on alcohol and drugs in overall mental health is substantial. The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force recommends depression screening for adults at higher risk, including those experiencing substance misuse, chronic medical diseases, unemployment, and poverty.

Sources:
Guide to Clinical Preventive Services:
http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/guidelines-recommendations/guide/section2a.html#Depression
Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) in Behavioral Healthcare:
http://beta.samhsa.gov/sites/default/files/sbirtwhitepaper_0.pdf

Strategy 2:
Identify the environmental and individual strengths of Alaskans reporting 0-3 mentally unhealthy days per month to inform mental health improvement strategies.

Evidence Base:
Individuals have both biological and psychological characteristics that affect their vulnerability and resiliency to potential behavioral health problems. Protective factors might include positive self-image, self-control, or social competence. Understanding the specific characteristics of mentally healthy Alaskans will inform prevention and health promotion activities tailored to improve mentally healthy days.

Source:
Bonanno, GA. Loss, Trauma, and Human Resilience: Have We Underestimated the Human Capacity to Thrive After Extremely Aversive Events? American Psychologist. 2004; 59(1): 20-28.

Strategy 3:
Create supportive environments that promote resilient, healthy, and empowered individuals, families, schools, and communities (universal prevention).

Evidence Base:
The World Health Organization holds that "a supportive environment is of paramount importance for health. The two are interdependent and inseparable" (Sundsvall Statement on Supportive Environments for Health, 1991). Supportive environments can help protect people from risk factors for poor health, encourage participation in health care and health promotion, expand individuals' health competencies and self-reliance, and support person-centered health care. Stigma and attitudes about help-seeking (specifically seeking treatment or services for mental health conditions) are key barriers to promoting mental and emotional health and preventing mental illness. Creating communities that de-stigmatize depression and mental illness and encourage people to seek mental health services when needed can increase the number of people accessing services.

Sources:
Segal DL et al. Beliefs about mental illness and willingness to seek help: A cross-sectional study. Aging and Mental Health. Aging Ment Health. 2005; 9(4): 363-367.
Reynders A, Kerkhof AJFM, Molenberghs G, Van Audenhove C. Attitudes and stigma in relation to help-seeking intentions for psychological problems in low and high suicide rate regions. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2014; 49(2): 231-239.



Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

In Alaska, seven or more days when mental health was not good in the past 30 days was related to age, sex, income, and education. The percentage of people reporting at least 7 mentally unhealthy days out of the past 30 decreased with increasing age, income, and education, and was higher for women than for men.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Health Care System Factors

Health insurance coverage for mental health problems is often inadequate for persons requiring long-term out-patient psychotherapy. Many psychotherapeutic medications (such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs) are prescribed by primary care physicians. Primary care visits are an opportunity to identify and treat some mental health problems.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Health Status Outcomes

Persons who are depressed are at risk for suicide and substance abuse. Depression has also been linked to physical disease, such as heart disease.

Persons with mental disorders are often less successful at negotiating the challenges of educational completion and career advancement. As a result, they are at risk for problems associated with poverty.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2000-2020

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 50
All Alaskans 2000 2.8 2.4 3.2
All Alaskans 2001 3.2 2.9 3.6
All Alaskans 2002 2.6 2.2 2.9
All Alaskans 2003 2.8 2.5 3.2
All Alaskans 2004 2.9 2.6 3.2
All Alaskans 2005 3.1 2.9 3.4
All Alaskans 2006 3.3 3.0 3.7
All Alaskans 2007 3.6 3.2 3.9
All Alaskans 2008 3.3 3.0 3.7
All Alaskans 2009 2.8 2.5 3.1
All Alaskans 2010 3.2 2.8 3.7
All Alaskans 2011 3.2 2.8 3.5
All Alaskans 2012 3.3 3.0 3.6
All Alaskans 2013 3.1 2.8 3.3
Alaska Natives 2000 2.8 2.5 5.0
Alaska Natives 2001 3.0 2.4 3.6
Alaska Natives 2002 2.9 2.0 3.8
Alaska Natives 2003 2.6 1.9 3.4
Alaska Natives 2004 3.0 2.4 3.6
Alaska Natives 2005 3.3 2.7 3.9
Alaska Natives 2006 4.5 3.2 5.8
Alaska Natives 2007 3.6 2.8 4.3
Alaska Natives 2008 3.6 3.0 4.3
Alaska Natives 2009 3.1 2.5 3.7
Alaska Natives 2010 3.3 2.3 4.2
Alaska Natives 2011 4.0 3.1 5.0
Alaska Natives 2012 4.5 3.6 5.4
Alaska Natives 2013 3.5 3.0 4.1
U.S. 2000 3.2
U.S. 2001 3.4
U.S. 2002 3.0
U.S. 2003 3.3
U.S. 2004 3.4
U.S. 2005 3.2
U.S. 2006 3.2
U.S. 2007 3.2
U.S. 2008 3.3
U.S. 2009 3.3
U.S. 2010 3.4
U.S. 2011 3.7
U.S. 2012 3.8
U.S. 2013 3.7
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.   ** Data Not Available

Data Sources

  • Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • U.S. Data: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)



Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by sex, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Males vs. Females Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
Males 2010 2.7 2.1 3.4
Males 2011 2.6 2.2 3.1
Males 2012 2.5 2.1 2.8
Males 2013 2.4 2.1 2.7
Females 2010 3.8 3.3 4.3
Females 2011 3.7 3.3 4.2
Females 2012 4.1 3.7 4.6
Females 2013 3.9 3.5 4.3
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.



Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by age group, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Age Group: 18-24,25-34,35-44,45-64,65+ Year Mean number of unhealhty days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
18-24 2010 3.2 1.9 4.5
18-24 2011 2.8 1.8 3.7
18-24 2012 2.7 2.9 4.4
18-24 2013 3.6 2.9 4.3
25-34 2010 3.6 2.5 4.8
25-34 2011 3.6 2.6 4.5
25-34 2012 3.3 2.7 4.0
25-34 2013 3.2 2.6 3.7
35-44 2010 2.6 1.9 3.3
35-44 2011 3.2 2.5 3.8
35-44 2012 3.6 2.7 4.4
35-44 2013 3.5 2.7 4.2
45-64 2010 3.4 2.7 4.2
45-64 2011 3.4 2.9 3.8
45-64 2012 3.2 2.7 3.6
45-64 2013 3.0 2.6 3.4
65+ 2010 2.6 1.6 3.5
65+ 2011 1.9 1.3 2.5
65+ 2012 2.6 1.7 3.6
65+ 2013 2.2 1.7 2.6
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by ethnicity, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Ethnicity - Hispanic/Latino Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
Hispanic/Latino 2010 3.9 1.5 6.3
Hispanic/Latino 2011 3.8 1.9 5.7
Hispanic/Latino 2012 3.3 2.1 4.5
Hispanic/Latino 2013 4.0 2.7 5.3
Not Hispanic/Latino 2010 3.2 2.8 3.6
Not Hispanic/Latino 2011 3.1 2.8 3.5
Not Hispanic/Latino 2012 3.3 3.0 3.6
Not Hispanic/Latino 2013 3.0 2.8 3.3
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by marital status, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Marital Status Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
Married 2010 2.6 2.1 3.0
Married 2011 2.6 2.3 3.0
Married 2012 2.3 2.0 2.6
Married 2013 2.3 2.0 2.5
Widowed 2010 3.6 2.3 4.9
Widowed 2011 3.1 1.7 4.5
Widowed 2012 5.2 3.5 6.9
Widowed 2013 4.1 2.5 5.8
Divorced/Separated 2010 5.3 3.7 6.9
Divorced/Separated 2011 4.7 3.9 5.5
Divorced/Separated 2012 5.2 4.1 6.3
Divorced/Separated 2013 4.3 3.5 5.0
Never Married 2010 3.8 2.6 4.9
Never Married 2011 3.4 2.6 4.3
Never Married 2012 3.9 3.3 4.6
Never Married 2013 3.9 3.2 4.6
Living with a Partner 2010 3.1 1.9 4.3
Living with a Partner 2011 4.4 2.5 6.2
Living with a Partner 2012 4.6 2.9 6.2
Living with a Partner 2013 4.1 2.8 5.4
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.



Mean number of days adults report being mentally unhealthy, by education, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Edu Level: < HS, HS, Some Coll, Coll Grad Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 24
< HS 2010 6.1 3.5 8.8
< HS 2011 5.1 3.4 6.9
< HS 2012 6.1 4.3 7.9
< HS 2013 6.0 4.5 7.5
HS 2010 3.0 2.3 3.8
HS 2011 2.9 2.4 3.5
HS 2012 2.9 2.4 3.4
HS 2013 3.3 2.7 3.8
Some Coll 2010 3.2 2.4 3.9
Some Coll 2011 3.5 2.9 4.1
Some Coll 2012 3.4 2.8 4.0
Some Coll 2013 2.9 2.5 3.3
Coll Grad 2010 2.6 2.0 3.1
Coll Grad 2011 2.4 1.9 2.9
Coll Grad 2012 2.4 2.0 2.8
Coll Grad 2013 2.0 1.7 2.2
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by employment status, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Employment Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 23
Employed 2010 2.7 2.2 3.2
Employed 2011 2.5 2.2 2.8
Employed 2012 2.7 2.4 3.0
Employed 2013 2.5 2.2 2.7
Unemployed 2010 5.6 3.3 7.9
Unemployed 2011 4.4 2.9 5.9
Unemployed 2012 5.1 3.6 6.7
Unemployed 2013 4.8 3.6 6.0
Not In Work Force 2010 2.9 2.2 3.6
Not In Work Force 2011 2.6 2.1 3.2
Not In Work Force 2012 2.8 2.3 3.3
Not In Work Force 2013 2.9 2.4 3.3
Unable to Work 2010 10.1 7.6 12.7
Unable to Work 2011 11.9 9.4 14.4
Unable to Work 2012 11.1 9.0 13.2
Unable to Work 2013 9.5 7.5 11.5
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.



Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by income, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Income: <$15k, $15k-$25k, $25k-$50k, $50-$75k, $75k+ Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 28
<$15,000 2010 5.6 3.9 7.4
<$15,000 2011 6.6 4.8 8.4
<$15,000 2012 6.8 5.4 8.2
<$15,000 2013 6.8 5.2 8.3
$15,000 - $24,999 2010 5.6 3.9 7.4
$15,000 - $24,999 2011 4.3 3.1 5.4
$15,000 - $24,999 2012 5.1 3.9 6.3
$15,000 - $24,999 2013 4.9 3.9 5.9
$25,000 - $49,999 2010 4.0 2.8 5.1
$25,000 - $49,999 2011 3.8 3.0 4.7
$25,000 - $49,999 2012 3.7 2.9 4.5
$25,000 - $49,999 2013 3.8 3.2 4.3
$50,000 - $74,999 2010 2.4 1.3 3.5
$50,000 - $74,999 2011 2.3 1.8 2.9
$50,000 - $74,999 2012 2.6 2.0 3.1
$50,000 - $74,999 2013 2.0 1.6 2.4
$75,000+ 2010 2.2 1.7 2.8
$75,000+ 2011 2.0 1.6 2.3
$75,000+ 2012 2.0 1.6 2.3
$75,000+ 2013 1.9 1.6 2.2
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by poverty threshold, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Poverty Threshold Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 20
Poor 2010 5.5 3.0 8.0
Poor 2011 5.9 4.0 7.7
Poor 2012 6.1 4.7 7.6
Poor 2013 5.5 4.2 6.8
Near Poor 2010 5.2 3.8 6.5
Near Poor 2011 4.6 3.5 5.8
Near Poor 2012 5.0 3.9 6.1
Near Poor 2013 5.3 4.4 6.3
Middle/High 2010 2.6 2.2 3.1
Middle/High 2011 2.4 2.1 2.6
Middle/High 2012 2.6 2.3 2.9
Middle/High 2013 2.3 2.1 2.5
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.   Poverty thresholds are intended for use as a statistical yardstick, not as a complete description of what people and families need to live. Poverty thresholds are the dollar amounts assigned by the U.S. Census Bureau to determine poverty status. Poverty thresholds are assigned based upon the size of the family and the ages of the members (i.e., adults versus children). The same thresholds are used throughout the United States. Poverty thresholds were originally derived in the 1963-1964 using U.S. Department of Agriculture food budgets designed for families under economic stress and data about what proportion of their income families spent on food. The thresholds are updated annually for inflation using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).

Poverty thresholds computed using the BRFSS assume that householders are less than 65 years of age as the household composition cannot be determined with accuracy. The category of Poor represents less than 100% of the poverty threshold. Near Poor is 100% through 199% of the poverty threshold. Middle/High income families are 200% or high of the poverty threshold.

[How the Census Bureau Measures Poverty - U.S. Census Bureau https://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/about/overview/measure.html]



Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by metropolitan/micropolitan statistical area, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Metro/Micropolitan Area Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 36
Anchorage 2010 3.3 2.4 4.1
Anchorage 2011 3.3 2.7 3.9
Anchorage 2012 3.4 2.8 3.9
Anchorage 2013 3.0 2.5 3.5
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2010 2.9 2.2 3.5
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2011 2.9 2.2 3.6
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2012 3.1 2.4 3.7
Fairbanks North Star MSA 2013 3.7 3.2 4.3
Jeneau MicroSA 2010 3.4 2.3 4.4
Jeneau MicroSA 2011 4.1 2.9 5.3
Jeneau MicroSA 2012 3.5 2.4 4.6
Jeneau MicroSA 2013 3.0 2.3 3.8
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2010 2.2 1.1 3.2
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2011 6.4 2.3 10.4
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2012 5.0 2.4 7.5
Ketchikan Gateway MicroSA 2013 2.9 1.9 3.8
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2010 2.2 1.1 3.3
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2011 2.5 1.6 3.4
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2012 2.4 0.9 3.9
Kodiak Island MicroSA 2013 3.7 1.7 5.7
Matanuska-Susitna 2010 3.7 2.2 5.2
Matanuska-Susitna 2011 3.4 2.6 4.2
Matanuska-Susitna 2012 3.8 2.8 4.9
Matanuska-Susitna 2013 3.2 2.6 3.8
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2010 3.4 2.8 3.9
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2011 2.5 2.1 2.9
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2012 2.7 2.4 3.1
Rural (non-Metro/MicroSA) 2013 2.8 2.5 3.1
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.



Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, by Alaska Public Health Regions, all Alaskans, 2010-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Geog PHR Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 32
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2010 3.4 2.6 4.1
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2011 3.3 2.8 3.8
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2012 3.5 3.0 4.0
Anchorage-Mat-Su 2013 3.1 2.7 3.5
Gulf Coast 2010 3.5 2.8 4.3
Gulf Coast 2011 2.7 2.2 3.2
Gulf Coast 2012 2.8 2.2 3.4
Gulf Coast 2013 3.2 2.6 3.7
Interior 2010 2.8 2.2 3.4
Interior 2011 2.7 2.1 3.4
Interior 2012 3.0 2.4 3.5
Interior 2013 3.4 3.0 3.9
Northern 2010 2.0 1.2 2.8
Northern 2011 2.3 1.4 3.2
Northern 2012 2.5 1.7 3.3
Northern 2013 2.6 1.9 3.3
Southeast 2010 3.6 2.8 4.4
Southeast 2011 4.1 3.0 5.2
Southeast 2012 3.6 2.8 4.4
Southeast 2013 3.2 2.7 3.7
Southwest 2010 2.9 2.0 3.8
Southwest 2011 2.3 1.1 3.4
Southwest 2012 2.7 1.8 3.6
Southwest 2013 2.4 1.6 3.2
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.

Data Sources

BRFSS Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

References and Community Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): http://www.samhsa.gov/

SAMHSA's National Mental Health Information Center: http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/

National Institute of Mental Health: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/

"Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General": http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/home.html

More information on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System may be found on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 12/24/2014, Published on 12/24/2014
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Fri, 30 January 2015 23:31:00 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Wed, 31 Dec 2014 16:19:57 AKST