Complete Indicator Profile - Mental Health - Adults (18+) - Past 30 Days (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 9)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Mental Health - Adults (18+) - Past 30 Days (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 9)

Definition

Mean number of days adults aged 18 years and older who reported their mental health was not good in the past 30 days.

Numerator

Number of adults (18+) reporting number of days to the question: "Now thinking about your mental health, which includes stress, depression, and problems with emotions, for how many days during the past 30 days was your mental health NOT good?"

Denominator

Number of adults (18+) providing complete and valid responses to the question, excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure" and "Refused" responses.

Why Is This Important?

Mental health is a state of successful performance of mental function, resulting in productive activities, fulfilling relationships with other people, and the ability to adapt to change and to cope with adversity. Mental health is indispensable to personal well-being, family and interpersonal relationships, and contribution to community or society. Mental health was recognized in the U.S. Surgeon General's 1999 report as being fundamental to overall health. Poor mental health can occur across the lifespan, affecting persons of all racial and ethnic groups, both sexes, and all educational and socioeconomic groups. Evidence has shown that mental disorders are strongly related to the occurrence, successful treatment, and course of many chronic diseases including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and obesity, as well as many risk behaviors for chronic disease, including physical inactivity, smoking, excessive drinking, and insufficient sleep. In teens, sadness or depression can lead to poor grades at school, alcohol or drug use, unsafe sex, and other problems. National studies have found that mental health issues have been the most commonly identified precipitating circumstance in suicides.

Other Objectives

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days



Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

In Alaska, seven or more days when mental health was not good in the past 30 days was related to age, sex, income, and education. The percentage of people reporting at least 7 mentally unhealthy days out of the past 30 decreased with increasing age, income, and education, and was higher for women than for men.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Health Care System Factors

Health insurance coverage for mental health problems is often inadequate for persons requiring long-term out-patient psychotherapy. Many psychotherapeutic medications (such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs) are prescribed by primary care physicians. Primary care visits are an opportunity to identify and treat some mental health problems.

Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Health Status Outcomes

Persons who are depressed are at risk for suicide and substance abuse. Depression has also been linked to physical disease, such as heart disease.

Persons with mental disorders are often less successful at negotiating the challenges of educational completion and career advancement. As a result, they are at risk for problems associated with poverty.

Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Mean number of days adults (18+) report being mentally unhealthy, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2000-2020

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Mean number of unhealthy days Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 50
All Alaskans 2000 2.8 2.4 3.2
All Alaskans 2001 3.2 2.9 3.6
All Alaskans 2002 2.6 2.2 2.9
All Alaskans 2003 2.8 2.5 3.2
All Alaskans 2004 2.9 2.6 3.2
All Alaskans 2005 3.1 2.9 3.4
All Alaskans 2006 3.3 3.0 3.7
All Alaskans 2007 3.6 3.2 3.9
All Alaskans 2008 3.3 3.0 3.7
All Alaskans 2009 2.8 2.5 3.1
All Alaskans 2010 3.2 2.8 3.7
All Alaskans 2011 3.2 2.8 3.5
All Alaskans 2012 3.3 3.0 3.6
All Alaskans 2013 **
Alaska Natives 2000 2.8 2.5 5.0
Alaska Natives 2001 3.0 2.4 3.6
Alaska Natives 2002 2.9 2.0 3.8
Alaska Natives 2003 2.6 1.9 3.4
Alaska Natives 2004 3.0 2.4 3.6
Alaska Natives 2005 3.3 2.7 3.9
Alaska Natives 2006 4.5 3.2 5.8
Alaska Natives 2007 3.6 2.8 4.3
Alaska Natives 2008 3.6 3.0 4.3
Alaska Natives 2009 3.1 2.5 3.7
Alaska Natives 2010 3.3 2.3 4.2
Alaska Natives 2011 4.0 3.1 5.0
Alaska Natives 2012 4.5 3.6 5.4
Alaska Natives 2013 **
U.S. 2000 3.2
U.S. 2001 3.4
U.S. 2002 3.0
U.S. 2003 3.3
U.S. 2004 3.4
U.S. 2005 3.2
U.S. 2006 3.2
U.S. 2007 3.2
U.S. 2008 3.3
U.S. 2009 3.3
U.S. 2010 3.4
U.S. 2011 3.7
U.S. 2012 **
U.S. 2013 **
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 2.9
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 2.9

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 2.9 days

Alaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991-2003, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined from 2004 onward. The Supplemental BRFSS survey is conducted using identical methodology as the Standard BRFSS and allows a doubling of the BRFSS sample size for those measures included in both surveys.

The 2002 U.S. data is for 23 states. Post-stratification weights were used for Alaska data from 2000 through 2006; raking weights were used from 2007 through 2011. For more on this methodological change see: http://dhss.alaska.gov/dph/Chronic/Pages/brfss/method.aspx.   ** Data Not Available

Data Sources

  • Alaska Data: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • U.S. Data: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)


References and Community Resources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): http://www.samhsa.gov/

SAMHSA's National Mental Health Information Center: http://www.mentalhealth.samhsa.gov/

National Institute of Mental Health: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/

"Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General": http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/mentalhealth/home.html

More information on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System may be found on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/

More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 02/20/2014, Published on 02/20/2014
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 02 September 2014 22:55:22 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Wed, 13 Aug 2014 14:11:05 AKDT