Complete Indicator Profile of Child Abuse and Neglect (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 11)
DefinitionThe rate of substantiated victims or allegations of child abuse per 1,000 children under age 18. Child abuse and neglect is defined as any any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
Child abuse and neglect is defined as any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
NumeratorNumber of substantiated victims or allegations of child abuse and/or neglect among children under age 18.
DenominatorMid-year resident population under age 18 for the same calendar year.
Why Is This Important?The prevalence of sexual violence and intimate partner violence is a major public health concern in Alaska. Witnessing or being a victim of domestic violence is associated with high rates of fair-to-poor assessments of general health, asthma diagnoses, current smoking, and lack of emotional support. Individuals diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression have some of the highest prevalence of sexual and intimate partner violence. Child abuse and neglect are a longstanding concern in Alaska, associated with poor health status in childhood and adulthood. Study findings suggest that adverse childhood experiences are major risk factors for the leading causes of illness and death as well as poor quality of life.
Healthy People Objective IVP-38:Reduce nonfatal child maltreatment
U.S. Target: 8.5 maltreatment victims per 1,000 children aged 17 years and under
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 14.4 per 1,000 children aged 17 years and under
Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:
Graphical Data Views
Rate of unique substantiated child maltreatment victims per 1,000 children (aged 0-17 years), all Alaskans and U.S., 2006-2020
Data NotesHealthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 14.4 per 1,000 children aged 17 years and under
These data show substantiated reported cases rather than actual incidence.
More Resources and LinksAlaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:
Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:
Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 02/16/2014, Published on 08/04/2014