Complete Indicator Profile of Alcohol Consumption - Binge Drinking - Adults (18+) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 15A)
DefinitionPercentage of men aged 18 years and older who consumed five or more drinks on one occasion or the percentage of women aged 18 and older who consumed four or more drinks on one occasion within the past 30-day period.
NumeratorNumber of adults (18+) who reported binge drinking based upon the following question: "During the past 30 days, have you had at least one drink of any alcoholic beverage such as beer, wine, a malt beverage or liquor?"
"Considering all types of alcoholic beverages, how many times during the past 30 days did you have X (X = 5 for men, X= 4 for women) or more drinks on an occasion?"
DenominatorNumber of adults (18+) with complete and valid responses to the question, excluding those with missing, "Don't know/Not sure" or "Refused" responses.
Why Is This Important?Alcohol and substance abuse have a devastating impact on individuals, families and entire communities across Alaska. The effects of alcohol and other drug abuse include unintentional and intentional injuries, violence, high-risk sexual behaviors, cirrhosis, and alcohol poisoning. Alaska experiences a disparately high rate of alcohol induced mortality compared to the U.S. Alcohol and other drug use is common among adolescents and is a strong predictor of dependence in later life.
Healthy People Objective SA-14.3:Reduce the proportion of persons engaging in binge drinking during the past month--Adults aged 18 years and older
U.S. Target: 24.3 percent
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 20.0
Other ObjectivesThe Healthy Alaskans 2010 target for the prevalence of adult binge drinking of 13% was not met.
Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 20.0%
How Are We Doing?The percentage of adults who binge drink has fluctuated slightly over the past 2 decades, ranging from a high of 25% in 1994 to a low of 16% in 2008.
The Healthy Alaskans 2010 target for the prevalence of adult binge drinking was 13% or lower. Adult binge drinking prevalence has been between 16% and 21% during the Healthy Alaskans 2010 monitoring period. The Healthy Alaskans 2010 target of 13% was not met.
The prevalence of binge drinking is higher among men (23%) than women (12%). Alaskans over the age of 64 are less likely to binge drink (5%) than Alaskan adults in other age groups (14% to 26%). Asian and Pacific Islander adults have a lower binge drinking prevalence (4%) than any other racial/ethnic group in Alaska (ranging from 16% to 19%). There are no other racial/ethnic differences in binge drinking prevalence, and no differences by region, education, or income level. (Source: 2009 BRFSS.)
How Do We Compare With U.S.?The Alaska adult binge drinking rate has consistently been slightly higher than the US rate.
What Is Being Done?The two primary objectives chosen by the Alaska Strategic Prevention Framework State Incentive Grant (SPF SIG) Advisory Committee are to reduce youth alcohol use (e.g., lifetime, current, heavy and binge drinking) and adult alcohol abuse (e.g., heavy and binge drinking). The SPF SIG Strategic Plan identifies four key strategies: (1) Enhance the Alaska prevention workforce; (2) Develop regional/community capacity to promote prevention principles and strategies; (3) Increase the understanding and use of community coalitions and environmental strategies to accomplish sustainable community change; and (4) Increase regional/community understanding and use of data to drive decision-making, implementation, evaluation and continuous quality improvement of strategies and interventions.
1. AK DHSS/DBH/Prevention and Early intervention. Moving Prevention Upstream, January 2011. http://hss.state.ak.us/dbh/prevention/programs/spfsig/pdfs/SPFSIG_AlaskaStrategicPlan.pdf"
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) has a toll-free referral helpline. The number is: 1-800-662-HELP (4357).
Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:
Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:
Graphical Data Views
Percentage of adults (18+) who reported binge drinking in the past 30 days, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 1991-2020
Data NotesAlaska data were obtained from the Standard AK BRFSS from 1991 through 2003, 2005 through 2007, and 2009 through 2012, and from the Standard and Supplemental AK BRFSS surveys combined in 2004 and 2008. US data were obtained from the BRFSS Prevalence and Trends Data - Nationwide (States, DC, and Territories) (http://apps.nccd.cdc.gov/brfss/).
From 1991 through 2005 the following definition was used, adults (men and women) aged 18 years and older who consumed five or more drinks on one occasion within the past 30 day period. From 2006 and later, the definition of binge drinking has been men aged 18 years and older who consumed five or more drinks on one occasion or women aged 18 and older who consumed four or more drinks on one occasion within the page 30-day period.
References and Community ResourcesNATIONAL:
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSA) Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator: http://findtreatment.samhsa.gov/
National Institutes of Health: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: www.niaaa.nih.gov
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Alcohol and Public Health, web site: http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/
More information on the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System may be found on the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - http://www.cdc.gov/brfss/
More Resources and LinksAlaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:
Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:
Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 10/12/2014, Published on 10/12/2014