Complete Indicator Profile - Support Systems - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) - 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 10)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Support Systems - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) - 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 10)

Definition

Adolescents (students in grades 9-12) who felt comfortable seeking help from 3 or more adults if they had an important question affecting their life.

Numerator

Adolescents (students in grades 9-12) who responded with 3, 4, or 5 or more adults to the question: "Besides your parents, how many adults would you feel comfortable seeking help from if you had an important question affecting your life?"

Denominator

Number of adolescents (students in grades 9-12) with complete and valid responses to the question.

Why Is This Important?

Family and social support, including quality relationships with family, friends, colleagues, and the community, are associated with positive health status and outcomes. Family and social support can help provide youth with the support, resources, and opportunities needed to succeed as well as build resiliency to life stressors. There is growing evidence that for youth, having adults in their lives to whom they are bonded and with whom they have good communication is a protective factor. Protective factors can reduce the negative effects of life stressors and can increase an individual's ability to avoid risk behaviors. Enhancing protective factors among youth can help children and adolescents avoid behaviors that place them at risk for adverse health and educational outcomes.

Healthy People Objective AH-3.1:

Increase the proportion of adolescents who have an adult in their lives with whom they can talk about serious problems
U.S. Target: 83.3 percent
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

Evidence-based Practices

As part of the Healthy Alaskans 2020 health improvement process, groups of Alaskan subject matter experts met over a period of months in a rigorous review process to identify and prioritize strategies to address the 25 health priorities. Public health partners around the state are aligning work around these approaches adapted to Alaska's unique needs. Below are the strategies identified for enhancing adolescent support systems.

Strategy 1:
Create positive school climates that promote connectedness and healthy youth-adult relationships.

Evidence Base:
School climate is the quality and character of the experiences of students, parents, educators, and school personnel. School climate reflects the values and community norms of the school community. A positive school climate promotes childhood and youth development and fosters connectedness. School connectedness is "the belief by students that adults and peers in the school care about their learning as well as about them as individuals" (CDC, 2009). Relationships are essential to adolescent health. Connections with parents, peers, and other adults/mentors support and influence youth development.

Sources:
Thapa A, Cohen J, Guffey S, Higgins-D'Alessandro A. A Review of School Climate Research. Review of Educational Research. 2013; 83(3): 357-385.
Blum, R. School Connectedness: Improving the Lives of Students. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2005.

Strategy 2:
Provide services and opportunities to support all young people in developing a sense of competence, usefulness, belonging, and empowerment.

Evidence Base:
Research shows that healthy youth development strategies that provide all youth with the supports needed to become successful and competent adults are promising approaches for preventing or reducing a wide range of adolescent health-risk behaviors. Positive Youth Development (PYD) programs promote mental and emotional wellbeing by providing the supports and opportunities youth need to successfully transition to adulthood. PYD programs build on young persons' strengths and talents to help them gain the knowledge and skills they need to become healthy and productive adults. PYD programs are most effective when implemented by entire communities with meaningful youth participation.

Sources:
University of Washington - Positive Youth Development in the United States: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/PositiveYouthDev99/
Bernat DH, Resnick MD. Healthy Youth Development: Science and Strategies. J Public Health Management Practice. 2006; November(Suppl): S10-S16.
Institute of Medicine National Research Council. Report Brief: Community Programs to Promote Youth Development. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.iom.edu/~/media/Files/Report%20Files/2004/Community-Programs-to-Promote-Youth-Development/FINALCommunityPrograms8Pager.pdf



Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Care System Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, all Alaskans and Alaska Natives, 2003-2019

::chart - missing::

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
All Alaskans 2003 46.9% 43.4% 50.5%
All Alaskans 2005 **
All Alaskans 2007 45.9% 42.7% 49.1%
All Alaskans 2009 44.6% 40.9% 48.2%
All Alaskans 2011 43.8% 40.1% 47.6%
All Alaskans 2013 42.8% 36.2% 46.5%
Alaska Natives 2003 39.4% 31.9% 47.3%
Alaska Natives 2005 **
Alaska Natives 2007 39.5% 32.8% 46.5%
Alaska Natives 2009 34.1% 25.7% 43.7%
Alaska Natives 2011 36.9% 31.3% 42.8%
Alaska Natives 2013 38.6% 29.0% 49.2%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.   Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from correspondence schools, alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.

Data Sources

YRBS Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, School Health and YRBS Program 1


Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by sex, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Males vs. Females Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 12
Males 2011 43.1% 38.1% 48.1%
Males 2013 44.3% 38.7% 50.0%
Females 2011 44.6% 40.5% 48.8%
Females 2013 41.5% 37.6% 45.5%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by age, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Adolescent Age Groups Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 18
14 or Younger 2011 46.0% 37.4% 54.9%
14 or Younger 2013 44.8% 34.3% 55.7%
15 2011 38.4% 32.4% 44.9%
15 2013 39.1% 33.6% 44.9%
16 2011 41.4% 35.5% 47.5%
16 2013 42.5% 36.0% 49.2%
17 2011 48.8% 41.9% 55.8%
17 2013 47.2% 40.1% 54.4%
18 or Older 2011 48.2% 40.6% 56.0%
18 or Older 2013 41.3% 32.5% 50.8%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by race, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Race: white, AK Native, other Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 14
white 2011 49.3% 44.8% 53.8%
white 2013 47.8% 43.9% 51.6%
Alaska Native 2011 36.9% 31.3% 42.8%
Alaska Native 2013 38.6% 29.9% 48.2%
other 2011 39.9% 33.8% 45.1%
other 2013 37.1% 31.8% 42.6%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by Hispanic, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Ethnicity - Hispanic/Latino Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 12
Hispanic/Latino 2011 31.7% 24.1% 40.5%
Hispanic/Latino 2013 40.7% 33.1% 48.7%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2011 44.7% 40.7% 48.7%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2013 42.7% 39.1% 46.4%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by grade level, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Grade Level Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 16
9th 2011 39.9% 33.6% 46.6%
9th 2013 41.6% 35.3% 48.3%
10th 2011 39.5% 33.5% 45.8%
10th 2013 45.6% 40.5% 50.8%
11th 2011 47.3% 40.3% 54.5%
11th 2013 36.9% 31.1% 43.0%
12th 2011 49.2% 41.7% 56.7%
12th 2013 48.5% 41.9% 55.2%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) with 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s)) who they feel comfortable seeking help from, by academic performance, all Alaskans, 2011-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Academic Performance Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 12
mostly As and Bs 2011 47.0% 43.3% 50.8%
mostly As and Bs 2013 46.4% 42.7% 50.1%
not mostly As and Bs 2011 37.2% 31.4% 43.4%
not mostly As and Bs 2013 34.0% 28.7% 39.7%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 47.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 47.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 47.0% for 3 or more adults (besides their parent(s))

** Data Not Available

Weighted Alaska data for this indicator were obtained in 2003, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2013. In 2005, the Alaska YRBS did not obtain the 60% overall response rate to ensure that data would be representative of all high school students.


More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 01/15/2015, Published on 01/15/2015
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Tue, 03 March 2015 5:59:56 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Thu, 15 Jan 2015 13:47:30 AKST