Complete Indicator Profile - Dating Violence - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 13)

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State of Alaska

Complete Indicator Profile of Dating Violence - Adolescents (Grades 9-12) (HA2020 Leading Health Indicator: 13)

Definition

Dating violence among adolescents (grades 9-12) is measured by the question: "Among students who dated or went out with someone during the past 12 months, the percentage who had been physically hurt on purpose by someone they were dating or going out with one or more times during the past 12 months."

Numerator

Weighted number of adolescents (students in grades 9-12) with responses of 1 to 6 or more times to the question: "During the past 12 months, how many times did someone you were dating or going out with physically hurt you on purpose? (Count such things as being hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon.)

Denominator

Weighted number of adolescents (students in grade 9-12) who were dating or went out with someone during the past 12 months with complete and valid responses.

Data Interpretation Issues

The question on dating violence changed in 2013 to "During the past 12 months, how many times did someone you were dating hurt you on purpose? (Count such things as being hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon." from "During the past 12 months, did your boyfriend or girlfriend ever hit, slap, or physically hurt you
on purpose?" Changes in wording from "boyfriend or girlfriend" to "someone you were dating or going out with"; the description of harm from "ever hit, slapped, or physically hurt" to enumerated "hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon"; changes in response categories from yes or no to number of times; and restriction to those dating or going out rather all students affect the prevalence rates. Responses to the two questions are not equivalent and are presented separately.

Why Is This Important?

The prevalence of sexual violence and intimate partner violence is a major public health concern in Alaska. Witnessing or being a victim of domestic violence is associated with high rates of fair-to-poor assessments of general health, asthma diagnoses, current smoking, and lack of emotional support. Individuals diagnosed with anxiety and/or depression have some of the highest prevalence of sexual and intimate partner violence.

Healthy People Objective IVP-39.1:

(Developmental) Reduce physical violence by current or former intimate partners
U.S. Target: Developmental
State Target: Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%

Evidence-based Practices

As part of the Healthy Alaskans 2020 health improvement process, groups of Alaskan subject matter experts met over a period of months in a rigorous review process to identify and prioritize strategies to address the 25 health priorities. Public health partners around the state are aligning work around these approaches adapted to Alaska's unique needs. Below are the strategies identified for enhancing adolescent support systems.

Strategy 1:
Build community capacity for prevention.

Evidence Base:
The standard for community-based dating violence prevention work in Alaska is based on the prevention model developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Working with communities to build their capacity to support the work of prevention is the first step towards building comprehensive programming. Comprehensive programming coordinates strategies across multiple settings and populations within each community. Coordinated programming that includes multiple types of activities across multiple settings and populations is most effective in changing the behaviors, beliefs, and norms that impact the incidence of dating violence.

Sources:
Domestic Violence Prevention Enhancement and Leadership Through Alliances (DELTA): http://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/DELTA/index.html?s_cid=cd_281
CDC Prevention Strategies:
http://www.cdc.gov/prc/prevention-strategies/index.htm
ANDVSA Pathways Statewide Prevention:
http://www.andvsa.org/pathways-statewide-prevention/
Sabol WJ, Coulton CJ, Korbin JE. Building Community Capacity for Violence Prevention. J
Interpers Violence. 2004; 19(3): 322-340.
Chavis DM. Building community capacity to prevent violence through coalitions and partnerships. J Health Care Poor Underserved. 1995; 6(2): 234-245.

Strategy 2:*
Promote values and beliefs that reinforce safe and healthy relationships.

Evidence Base:
This strategy emerges from the social norms approach where inaccurate perceptions about norms, values, beliefs, and risk and protective factors are corrected to facilitate health promotion and violence prevention. Social norms interventions have been successfully used by other prevention efforts (e.g., obesity prevention, binge drinking, and tobacco cessation). Research is starting to show positive impacts on violence prevention.

Strategy 3:*
Implement evidence-based school violence prevention programs.

Evidence Base:
Schools provide an important setting for dating violence prevention because "they are a setting in which much interpersonal aggression among children occurs and the only setting with almost universal access to children" (Wilson and Lipsey, 2007). This provides schools with a unique opportunity to intervene and to prevent dating violence. Universal or comprehensive approaches, such as the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model, have been found to be particularly effective. The Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model is an ecological approach that "responds to the call for greater alignment, integration, and collaboration between health and education to improve each child's cognitive, physical, social, and emotional development" (ASCD, 2014). School connectedness is an important protective factor that provides a foundation for effective prevention efforts.

* Sources for Strategy 2 and Strategy 3 can be found at http://hss.state.ak.us/ha2020/assets/EBS/HA2020_EBS13_DatingViolence-Youth.pdf.



Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicator Profiles:


Related Risk Factors Indicator Profiles:


Related Health Status Outcomes Indicator Profiles:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were hurt on purpose by someone they were dating during the past 12 months, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

Starting in 2013, the question was: "During the past 12 months, how many times did someone you were dating hurt you on purpose? (Count such things as being hit, slammed into something, or injured with an object or weapon." with responses from 0 times to 6 or more times.

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 7
All Alaskans 2013 9.1% 7.3% 11.2%
Alaska Natives 2013 10.3% 6.9% 15.1%
U.S. 2013 10.4% 9.4% 11.5%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%.   Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from correspondence schools, alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.

Data Sources

  • Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, School Health and YRBS Program
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were hurt on purpose by someone they were dating during the past 12 months, by sex, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Males vs. Females Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 10
Males 2013 4.1% 2.8% 6.0%
Females 2013 7.1% 5.3% 9.5%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were hurt on purpose by someone they were dating during the past 12 months, by age, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Adolescent Age Groups Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 13
14 or Younger 2013 6.7% 3.5% 12.2%
15 2013 3.6% 2.0% 6.2%
16 2013 3.0% 1.6% 5.5%
17 2013 9.2% 6.0% 13.8%
18 or Older 2013 8.8% 5.2% 14.3%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were hurt on purpose by someone they were dating during the past 12 months, by race, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Race: white, AK Native, other Year Percentage of adolesents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 11
white 2013 4.6% 3.1% 6.7%
Alaska Native 2013 7.3% 4.8% 10.8%
other 2013 6.9% 4.6% 10.4%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were ever hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend during the past 12 months, by Hispanic, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Ethnicity - Hispanic/Latino Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 10
Hispanic/Latino 2013 9.8% 5.7% 16.2%
Not Hispanic/Latino 2013 5.3% 4.0% 6.9%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were ever hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend during the past 12 months, by grade level, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Grade Level Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 12
9th 2013 5.2% 3.4% 7.9%
10th 2013 4.1% 2.2% 7.8%
11th 2013 5.2% 3.3% 8.3%
12th 2013 8.7% 5.2% 14.2%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were ever hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend during the past 12 months, by academic performance, all Alaskans, 2013-2020

::chart - missing::

HA: Academic Performance Year Percentage of adolescents Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 10
mostly As and Bs 2013 4.9% 3.6% 6.7%
not mostly As and Bs 2013 7.6% 5.4% 10.8%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2013 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2014 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2015 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2016 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2017 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2018 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2019 8.0%
Healthy Alaskans Goal 2020 8.0%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%



Percentage of adolescents (students in grades 9-12 in traditional high schools) who were ever hit, slapped, or physically hurt on purpose by their boyfriend or girlfriend during the past 12 months, all Alaskans, Alaska Natives, and U.S., 2001-2011

::chart - missing::

Between 1999 and 2011, the question was: "During the past 12 months, did your boyfriend or girlfriend ever hit, slap, or physically hurt you on purpose?" with responses of Yes and No.

Alaska did not conduct a YRBS survey in 2001. In 2005, the required response rate was not obtained to ensure that results would be representative of the statewide traditional high school student body.

Alaska Comparisons Year Percentage of adolescents hurt on purpose Lower Limit Upper Limit
Record Count: 18
All Alaskans 2001 **
All Alaskans 2003 10.8% 9.2% 12.6%
All Alaskans 2005 **
All Alaskans 2007 12.4% 10.3% 14.7%
All Alaskans 2009 13.3% 11.4% 15.4%
All Alaskans 2011 12.0% 9.6% 15.0%
Alaska Natives 2001 **
Alaska Natives 2003 11.6% 8.9% 15.2%
Alaska Natives 2005 **
Alaska Natives 2007 10.0% 5.9% 16.5%
Alaska Natives 2009 10.5% 6.4% 16.6%
Alaska Natives 2011 10.1% 5.9% 16.7%
U.S. 2001 9.5% 8.8% 10.2%
U.S. 2003 8.9% 7.9% 9.9%
U.S. 2005 9.2% 8.5% 9.8%
U.S. 2007 9.9% 8.9% 11.1%
U.S. 2009 9.8% 8.9% 10.8%
U.S. 2011 9.4% 8.6% 10.3%

Data Notes

Healthy Alaskans 2020 Target: 8%.   Traditional high schools are public high schools that are distinct from alternative high schools, which serve students at risk of not graduating, and students enrolled in high school in correctional facilities. Healthy Alaskans 2020 goals were established using results from traditional high school students.

Data Sources

  • Alaska Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Division of Public Health, Section of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, School Health and YRBS Program
  • Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion


More Resources and Links

Alaska and national goals may be found at the following sites:

Maps of health indicators for various subdivisions of Alaska may be found at the following site:

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 06/30/2015, Published on 06/30/2015
The information provided above is from the Alaska Department of Health and Social Services' Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health (Ak-IBIS) web site (http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov). The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: "Retrieved Mon, 06 July 2015 12:17:25 from Alaska Department of Health and Social Services, Center for Health Data and Statistics, Alaska Indicator-Based Information System for Public Health web site: http://ibis.dhss.alaska.gov".

Content updated: Tue, 30 Jun 2015 08:09:30 AKDT